What is MAKOplasty®?
MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing, MAKOplasty® Total Knee Replacement and MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement are enabled by the surgeon controlled RIO® robotic arm system, offering increased accuracy to optimize surgical results.
“Fifty-two million adults are currently affected by arthritis, making it the leading cause of disability in the United States. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that by 2040, 78 million, or 25% of the U.S. adult population, will be affected.” – Charles Rutherford, MD, orthopedic surgeon
MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing
Partial Knee Replacement is a treatment option for adults living with early-to mid-stage osteoarthritis (OA) that has not progressed to all three compartments of the knee. MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing is an advanced treatment option. It is powered by the RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System, which allows the surgeon to perform surgery accurately through a smaller incision as compared to manual procedures. By selectively targeting the part of the knee damaged by OA, surgeons can resurface the knee while sparing the healthy bone and ligaments surrounding it.
MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing Benefits May Include:
- Preservation of healthy tissue and bone — only diseased portions are removed
- Optimal implant positioning
- Less pain
- A more natural feeling knee following surgery
- More rapid recovery and shorter hospital stay compared to traditional total knee Resurfacing surgery
MAKOplasty® Total Knee Replacement
Total Knee Replacement is an innovative surgery option at Medical City Dallas to resolve symptoms of degenerative knee diseases. Robotically-assisted total knee replacement procedures use Stryker’s innovative Triathlon Total Knee System, which enhances personalized pre-operative planning and greater accuracy during surgery to resolve symptoms of degenerative knee diseases and restore natural knee movement.
Orthopedic surgeon Charles Rutherford, MD performed the first robotic-assisted total knee surgery on a MAKOplasty® robot in Dallas on April 25, 2017. Medical City Dallas is the first hospital in Dallas to offer this procedure on the leading-edge MAKOplasty® robot. This innovative technology combines the accuracy of computer design with robotic capabilities, advancing the treatment of severe arthritis by allowing surgeons to be more precise during surgery. Using the MAKO robot, surgeons can now offer a more customized approach for minimally invasive total knee replacement surgeries.
One of the benefits of this patented technology is that it increases the life of knee replacement implants by providing wear and oxidation resistance and mechanical strength. Patients may also find that their knee replacement functions more like a normal knee, with a more natural motion and increased stability after surgery.
Robotically-Assisted Total Knee Replacement
Robot-assisted total knee replacement is an innovative surgery option for patients affected by degenerative knee joint diseases like osteoarthritis that has progressed to most or all three compartments of the knee. Stryker’s innovative Triathlon Total Knee System allows surgeons to be more precise and make smaller incisions, which can increase patient recovery times, satisfaction and results.
Robotically-Assisted Total Knee Replacement Benefits May Include:
- Enhanced pre-operative surgical planning for patient-specific implant alignment and positioning
- Robotic-arm assisted bone preparation with greater accuracy to remove diseased bone while preserving essential healthy bone structures and important soft tissue
- Shorter hospital stays and faster recovery through minimally-invasive techniques
- More natural knee motion after surgery
- Increased stability by restoring the knee’s single center of rotation where most motion occurs
- Longevity of implant through patented technology that provides wear and oxidation resistance and mechanical strength
MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement
MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement is a breakthrough solution for adults suffering from painful degenerative joint disease of the hip who need a total hip replacement. It is powered by the surgeon-controlled RIO® Robotic Arm System, which enables more accurate implant placement, which may reduce complications, such as implant wear and dislocation.
MAKOplasty® Total Hip Replacement Benefits May Include:
- Accurate placement of your hip implant, which can reduce the likelihood of hip dislocation
- More consistency in leg length, potentially decreasing the need for a shoe lift
- Decreased risk of impingement and dislocation, this may improve the life expectancy of the hip replacement
Important Information about MAKOplasty®
MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Replacements
General Indications: Partial knee replacement is intended for use in individuals with joint disease resulting from degenerative, and post-traumatic arthritis, and for moderate deformity of the knee.
Contraindications: Partial knee replacement surgery is not appropriate for patients with certain types of infections, any mental or neuromuscular disorder which would create an unacceptable risk of prosthesis instability, prosthesis fixation failure or complications in postoperative care, compromised bone stock, skeletal immaturity, severe instability of the knee, or excessive body weight.
Common Side Effects of Knee Replacement Surgery: As with any surgery, knee replacement surgery has serious risks which include, but are not limited to, peripheral neuropathies (nerve damage), circulatory compromise (including deep vein thrombosis (blood clots in the legs)), genitourinary disorders (including kidney failure), gastrointestinal disorders (including paralytic ileus (loss of intestinal digestive movement)), vascular disorders (including thrombus (blood clots), blood loss, or changes in blood pressure or heart rhythm), bronchopulmonary disorders (including emboli, stroke or pneumonia), heart attack, and death.
Implant related risks that may lead to a revision of the implant include: dislocation, loosening, fracture, nerve damage, wear of the implant, metal sensitivity, osteolysis (localized progressive bone loss), and reaction to particle debris. Partial knee implants may not provide the same feel or performance characteristics experienced with a normal healthy joint.
MAKOplasty® Hip Replacements
General Indications: Total hip replacement is indicated for joint disease resulting from degenerative and rheumatoid arthritis; and avascular necrosis.
Contraindications: It is not indicated for those with infection, compromised bone stock, skeletal immaturity, mental or neuromuscular disease or excessive body weight.
Common Side Effects of Hip Replacement Surgery: Like any surgery hip replacement surgery has risks which include but are not limited to: bone fracture, bone loss, change in the length of the treated leg, pain, hip stiffness, excessive bleeding, hip joint fusion, nerve damage, infection, blood clots, amputation, heart attack, pneumonia, decrease of bone mass.
Implant related risks that may lead to a revision of the implant include: wear of the implant, reaction to particle debris, dislocation, fracture, loosening, audible sounds during motion and metal sensitivity.
The information presented is for educational purposes only. Speak to your doctor to decide if joint replacement surgery is right for you. Individual results vary and not all patients will receive the same postoperative activity level. The lifetime of a joint replacement is not infinite and varies with each individual. Your doctor will help counsel you about how to best maintain your activities in order to potentially prolong the lifetime of the device. Such strategies include not engaging in high-impact activities, such as running, as well as maintaining a healthy weight. Ask your doctor if MAKOplasty® is right for you.
Joint replacement content provided by Stryker.