Primary Biliary Cirrhosis
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- Itchy skin
- Abdominal pain, especially in right upper abdomen
Signs of liver damage:
- Yellowing of the skin and/or eyes—jaundice
- Spider veins
- Xanthelasma—yellow deposits around eyelids
American Liver Foundation http://www.liverfoundation.org
National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse http://www.digestive.niddk.nih.gov
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation http://www.cdhf.ca
Canadian Liver Foundation http://www.liver.ca
Heathcote JE. Management of primary biliary cirrhosis. Hepatology. 2000;31:1005-1013.
Lindor KD, Gershwin ME, et al. Primary biliary cirrhosis. Hepatology. 2009; 50:291.
Metcalf JV, Howel D, et al. Primary biliary cirrhosis: epidemiology helping the clinician. Br Med J. 1996;312:1181-1182.
Poupon RE, Balkau B, et al. A multicenter, controlled trial of ursodiol for the treatment of primary biliary cirrhosis. UDCA-BPC Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1991; 324:1548-1554.
Primary biliary cirrhosis. American Liver Foundation website. Available at: http://www.liverfoundation.org/abouttheliver/info/pbc. Updated October 4, 2011. Accessed May 28, 2013.
Primary biliary cirrhosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 11, 2013. Accessed May 28, 2013.
Primary biliary cirrhosis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) website. Available at: http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/liver-disease/primary-biliary-cirrhosis/Pages/facts.aspx. Updated April 30, 2012. Accessed May 28, 2013.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/08/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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