|Food Inhaled into Lung|
|Food has entered air sacs of the lung causing a build up of green mucus and decreasing the flow of oxygen—blue arrows.|
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- Decreased level of consciousness due to alcohol intake, seizures , stroke , or other conditions
- Impaired swallowing function due to poor dentition or a history of Parkinson’s disease , amyotrophic lateral sclerosis , stroke, or other conditions
- History of heartburn (also called gastroesophageal reflux disease)
- History of lung disease
- Increased cough
- Increased sputum production
- Decreased energy
- Chest pain
- Change in mental status
- Trouble breathing
- Weight loss
- Blood tests
- Sputum test
- Follow your doctor’s orders when fasting before any surgery. This will lower the chance of vomiting while you are unconscious.
- If you have a swallowing problem, talk to your doctor and speech specialist about ways to help prevent aspiration.
- If you drink alcohol, only drink in moderation.
American Lung Association http://www.lung.org
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association http://www.asha.org
Canadian Lung Association http://www.lung.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Aspiration pneumonia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 12, 2013. Accessed April 2, 2013.
Marik PE. Aspiration pneumonitis and aspiration pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2001;344(9):665-671.
Reza Shariatzadeh M, Huang JQ, et al. Differences in the Features of Aspiration Pneumonia According to Site of Acquisition: Community or Continuing Care Facility. J Am Geriatr Soc . 2006;54(2):296-302.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD
- Review Date: 03/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/02/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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