Nephrotic Syndrome in Adults
- High protein in the urine
- Low protein in the blood
- Swelling of body tissues
- High cholesterol in the blood
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- Glomerulonephritis—inflammation of the glomeruli from infection or other causes
- Diabetic nephropathy—kidney complications from diabetes
- Membranous nephropathy
- IgA nephropathy
- Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
- Renal amyloidosis—abnormal protein deposits in the kidneys
- Minimal change disease
- Other diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus, certain infections, toxins, drugs, allergic reactions, sickle cell disease, renal vein thrombosis, and some types of cancer
- Exposure to drugs or toxins
- Certain infections
Swelling around the following body parts:
- Weight gain from excess fluids
- Shortness of breath
- Poor appetite
- Foamy urine
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Adjust your diet to replace protein lost in the urine
- Use ACE inhibitors to reduce protein loss in some cases
- Treat edema by restricting salt intake and taking diuretics, also known as water pills
- Lower cholesterol and blood pressure with diet, exercise, and medicines
American Kidney Fund http://www.akfinc.org
National Kidney Foundation http://www.kidney.org
HealthLink BC http://www.healthlinkbc.ca
The Kidney Foundation of Canada http://www.kidney.ca
Nephrotic syndrome. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/nephrotic.cfm. Accessed July 12, 2013.
Nephrotic syndrome in adults. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated November 28, 2012. Accessed July 12, 2013.
Nephrotic syndrome in adults. National Kidney and Urologic Disease Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/nephrotic/index.htm. Updated April 19, 2012. Accessed July 12, 2013.
- Reviewer: Adrienne Carmack, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 07/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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