- Droplets of moisture that are coughed or sneezed into the air by an infected person and breathed in by a non-infected person
- Personal items, such as tissues or drinking glasses, that have been used by an infected person
- Skin that is infected with diphtheria
- Having never been immunized against diphtheria
- Not having had a booster dose in the past ten years
- Having a compromised immune system
- Sore throat and painful swallowing
- Fever up to 103°F
- Gray covering on the back of the throat
- Cough, possibly a barking cough
- Swollen glands in the neck
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty swallowing
- Skin infection
|Swollen Lymph Nodes|
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- Antitoxin injection
- Isolation and bedrest
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www3.niaid.nih.gov
Caring for Kids The Canadian Paediatric Society http://www.caringforkids.cps.ca
Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases. 12th ed (May 2012). Published by the National Immunization Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/index.html#order. Accessed August 6, 2013.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0-18 years—United States, 2013. MMWR . 2013;62:9-18. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/hcp/child-adolescent.html. Accessed August 6, 2013.
Recommended immunization schedule for persons aged 0 through 18 years—United States 2013. MMWR. 2013;62:2-8. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/child/mmwr-0-18yrs-catchup-schedule.pdf . Accessed August 6, 2013.
Td or Tdap vaccine: what you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/td-tdap.pdf. Published January 24, 2012. Accessed August 6, 2013.
1/24/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Updated recommendations for use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine from the advisory committee on immunization practices, 2010. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60(1):13-15.
11/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Updated recommendations for use of tetanus toxoid, reduced diphtheria toxoid and acellular pertussis vaccine (Tdap) in pregnant women and persons who have or anticipate having close contact with an infant aged <12 months—Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), 2011. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011;60:1424-1426.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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