- An infected person
- Infected saliva or feces
- Contaminated water or sewage
|Interaction of Lymph, Blood Vessels, and Intestines|
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- Never received a polio vaccination or did not complete the vaccinations
- Travel to countries where polio is still common (areas of Africa, Middle East and Asia)
- Sore throat
- Illness lasts about a week
- Back or neck pain and stiffness
- Muscle tenderness
- Muscle weakness
- Paralysis—usually affects each side to varying amounts or only affects a single side
- Muscles become flaccid (loose, floppy)
- Muscles required for breathing may become paralyzed
- Urinary problems
- Decades later, previously stable muscle weakness may worsen due to postpolio syndrome
- Body fluid samples such as throat swabs, rectal swabs, or stool samples
- Spinal tap to check fluid around the spine and brain
- Traveling to areas where polio is present
- Caring for people with polio
- Working in labs where poliovirus is handled
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.aap.org/
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/
World Health Organization http://www.who.int/en/
BC Health Guide, British Columbia Ministry of Health http://www.bchealthguide.org/
Ontario March of Dimes http://www.dimes.on.ca/
Poliomyelitis. World Health Organization (WHO) website. Available at: http://www.who.int/topics/poliomyelitis/en/. Accessed May 20, 2013.
Polio. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/polio/about/. Updated January 6, 2012. Accessed May 20, 2013.
Poliomyelitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated May 3, 2013. Accessed May 20, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael K. Mansour, MD, PhD
- Review Date: 05/2013 -
- Update Date: 05/20/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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