- An infected person
- Infected saliva or feces
- Contaminated water or sewage
|Interaction of Lymph, Blood Vessels, and Intestines|
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- Never received a polio vaccination or did not complete the vaccinations
- Travel to countries where polio occurs (areas of Africa, Middle East and Asia)
- Sore throat
- Back or neck pain and stiffness
- Muscle tenderness
- Muscle weakness
- Paralysis—usually affects each side to varying amounts or only affects a single side
- Muscles become flaccid (loose, floppy)
- Muscles required for breathing may become paralyzed
- Urinary problems
- Decades later, previously stable muscle weakness may worsen due to postpolio syndrome
- Body fluid samples such as throat swabs, rectal swabs, or stool samples
- Lumbar puncture to evaluate cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds and protects the brain and spinal cord
- Traveling to areas where polio is present
- Caring for people with polio
- Working in labs where poliovirus is handled
Healthy Children - American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
World Health Organization http://www.who.int
BC Health Guide, British Columbia Ministry of Health http://www.bchealthguide.org
Ontario March of Dimes http://www.marchofdimes.ca
Poliomyelitis (polio). World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/topics/poliomyelitis/en. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Polio eradication. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/polio. Updated January 27, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Poliomyelitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 10, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2014.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 06/19/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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