|Anatomy of the Heart|
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- Coronary artery disease
- Heart surgery–atrial flutter is most common during the first few weeks after open-heart surgery
- Disease in other parts of the body that affects the functioning of the heart, such as the lungs
- Using substances such as caffeine, alcohol, diet pills, or certain types of prescription or over-the-counter medication that affect the electrical impulses of the heart
- Stress and anxiety
- Heart disease
- Heart surgery
- History of high blood pressure
- Abnormalities of the heart or heart valves (hypertrophy, mitral valve prolapse )
- Overactive thyroid gland ( hyperthyroidism )
- History of chronic lung disease ( emphysema , chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD])
- High levels of stress or anxiety
- Chronic use of caffeine, alcohol, diet pills, or certain types of prescription or over-the-counter medication (such as cold medicines)
- A fluttering or tremor-like feeling in the chest
- Rapid heart beat or pounding sensation in the chest (palpitations)
- Pressure or discomfort in the chest
- Shortness of breath
- Lightheadedness or fainting
- Nonhydropyridine calcium channel antagonists
- Reduce or eliminate your use of caffeine, stimulants, alcohol, nicotine, certain medications, or recreational drugs
- Obtain treatment for any other heart or lung disease
- Reduce your levels of stress and anxiety
- Check with your doctor before taking any new medications, herbs, or supplements
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
Heart Rhythm Society http://www.hrsonline.org
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Heart and Stroke Foundation http://www.heartandstroke.com
Atrial flutter. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 31, 2012. Accessed November 9, 2012.
Atrial flutter. Heart Rhythm Society website. Available at http://www.hrsonline.org/Patient-Resources/Heart-Diseases-Disorders/Atrial-Flutter#axzz3MHkY4esv. Accessed November 9, 2012.
Lee KW, Yang Y, et al. Atrial flutter: a review of its history, mechanisms, clinical features, and current therapy. Curr Prob Cardiol. 2005;30(3):121-167.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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