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- Degenerative disk disease
- Compression fractures of the spine
- Previous spinal surgery
- Previous spinal trauma or injury
- Spondylolisthesis—slipped vertebrae
- Back pain or stiffness
- Numbness, weakness, or cramping in areas or limbs around the curvature
- Spinal imbalance
- Changes in bowel or bladder habits – if the curvature is in low back
- Assessing posture and spinal curvature in an upright position
- An assessment of your spine while you are bent forward to look for:
- Spinal curvature
- Rib hump
- Other abnormalities along the back
- Myelogram—an x-ray using a dye to highlight smaller structures like blood vessels
- MRI scan
- CT scan
- Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
- Prescription pain medications
- Muscle relaxers
- Injected nerve blockers
- Decompression—to relieve pressure on the nerves
- Discectomy—removal of herniated intervertebral disks
- Removing bone spurs from the spine
- Laminectomy—removal of the lamina to improve movement
- Other treatments fail
- Curvature progresses
- The spine becomes unstable
- There is a decline in quality of life
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.org
Scoliosis Research Society http://www.srs.org
Caring for Kids http://www.caringforkids.cps.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Adult scoliosis. Sonoran Spine Center website. Available at: http://www.sonoranspine.com/adult-scoliosis.html. Accessed December 10, 2013.
Adult idiopathic scoliosis. Scoliosis Research Society website. Available at: http://www.srs.org/patient%5Fand%5Ffamily/scoliosis/idiopathic/adults. Accessed December 9, 2013.
Chronic low back pain. Updated November 22, 2013. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Accessed December 10, 2013.
Degenerative joint disease of the low back. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 29, 2013. Accessed December 10, 2013.
Scoliosis in adults. Spine Universe website. Available at: http://www.spineuniverse.com/conditions/scoliosis/scoliosis-adults. Updated February 7, 2013. Accessed December 10, 2013.
- Reviewer: Teresa Briedwell
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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