Oral Contraceptives: Risks and Benefits
What Are the Risks of Taking the Pill?
High Blood Pressure
What Are the Benefits of Taking the Pill?
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org/
Planned Parenthood Federation of America http://www.plannedparenthood.org/
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org/index%5Fe.asp/
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca/
Birth control. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/birth-control-pill/WO00098/NSECTIONGROUP=2. Updated May 2, 2011. Accessed June 26, 2012.
Breast cancer in women. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated June 4, 2012. Accessed June 26, 2012.
Burkman R. Oral contraceptives: Current status. Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2001;44(1):62-72.
Burkman R, Schlesselman JJ, Zieman M. Safety concerns and health benefits associated with oral contraception. Am J Obstet and Gynecol. 2004;190:S5-S22.
Fact sheet: Oral contraceptives and cancer risk. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/oral-contraceptives. Updated March 21, 2012. Accessed June 26, 2012.
High blood pressure and women. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HighBloodPressure/UnderstandYourRiskforHighBloodPressure/High-Blood-Pressure-and-Women%5FUCM%5F301867%5FArticle.jsp. Updated June 6, 2012. Accessed June 26, 2012.
Hypertension. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated April 30, 2012. Accessed June 26, 2012.
Jensen JT, Speroff L. Health benefits of oral contraceptives. Obstet and Gynecol Clinics of North Am. 2000;27(4): 705-721.
Norton A. Birth control pills may lower colon cancer risk. Reuters website. Available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSKIM05941720080220. Published February 20, 2008. Accessed June 26, 2012.
Oral contraceptives. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated June 7, 2012. Accessed June 26, 2012.
Osteoporosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated May 25, 2012. Accessed June 26, 2012.
Schneider HP, Mueck AO, Kuhl H. IARC monographs program on carcinogenicity of combined hormonal contraceptives and menopausal therapy. Climacteric. Dec 2005;8(4):311-316.
SOGC position statement: the birth control pill and cancer. The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada website. Available at: http://www.sogc.org/media/guidelines-oc%5Fe.asp. Updated February 19, 2008. Accessed June 26, 2012.
Victory R, et al. Adverse cardiovascular disease outcomes are reduced in women with a history of oral contraceptive use: Results from the Women’s Health Initiative Database [abstract]. Fertility and Sterility. 2004;82(2):0-130.
4/9/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Beral V, Hermon C, Kay C, Hannaford P, Darby S, Reeves G. Mortality associated with oral contraceptive use: 25 year follow up of cohort of 46 000 women from Royal College of General Practitioners' oral contraception study. BMJ. 1999;318:96-100. Hannaford PC, Iversen L, Macfarlane TV, Elliott AM, Angus V, Lee AJ. Mortality among contraceptive pill users: cohort evidence from Royal College of General Practitioners' Oral Contraception Study. BMJ. 2010 Mar 11;340:c927.
12/3/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php : Lopez L, Grimes D, Chen-Mok M, Westhoff C, Edelman A, Helmerhorst F. Hormonal contraceptives for contraception in overweight or obese women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(7):CD008452.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 06/2012 -
- Update Date: 06/26/2012 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.