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- Excess potassium supplements
- Total parenteral nutrition
- A diet that is high in potassium
- ACE inhibitors
- Potassium sparing diuretics
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Beta blockers
- Low blood volume from dehydration
- Any illness that increases the acid in the blood, such as diabetic ketoacidosis
- Destruction of any tissue such as muscle or tumor cells
- Very high blood sugar
- Muscle weakness or paralysis
- Irregular heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
Supplements and Medications
Other Supportive Steps
- Your doctor may advise you to limit your intake of potassium. You may be referred to a dietitian.
- Dialysis may be needed in severe cases of hyperkalemia due to kidney failure. Dialysis can take over the job of the kidneys and filter excess potassium from the blood.
American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists http://www.aace.com
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org
The Canadian Society of Endocrinology and Metabolism http://www.endo-metab.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Hollander-Rodriguez J, Calvert J. Hyperkalemia. Am Fam Physician. 2006 Jan 15;73(2):283-290.
Hyperkalemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 20, 2015. Accessed February 17, 2015.
Hyperkalaemia. Patient UK website. Available at: http://www.patient.co.uk/doctor/hyperkalaemia. Updated November 12, 2013. Accessed February 17, 2015.
Potassium and the diet. Colorado State University website. Available at: http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09355.html. Updated August 5, 2014. Accessed February 17, 2015.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 02/2015 -
- Update Date: 02/19/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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