Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement
(Cerebral Shunt Placement)
Reasons for Procedure
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- Blockage of the shunt
- Excess bleeding
- Blood clots
- Damage to normal brain tissue
- Adverse reaction to anesthesia
- Soreness in throat
- Nausea and vomiting
- The need for additional surgery
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Physical exam and medical history
- Blood tests
- Anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen and naproxen
- Blood thinners
- Anti-platelet medications
- Arrange for a ride home from the hospital.
- Arrange for help at home, as you recover.
- Eat a light meal the night before your surgery. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight unless told otherwise by your doctor.
- Talk to your doctor if you take any medications, herbs, or supplements.
Description of the Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Avoid pushing, pulling, and lifting anything heavy for four weeks.
- Do not participate in sports or exercise until your doctor says it is okay.
- Do not drive for two weeks.
- Be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions.
Call Your Doctor
- Evidence of valve blockage as described by your doctor
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from the incision site
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Pain that you cannot control with the medications that you have been given
- Nausea and vomiting
- Lightheadedness and fainting
- Severe headache
- Changes in vision
- Memory loss
- Difficulty speaking
- Clear fluid draining from the incision site
Hydrocephalus Association http://www.hydroassoc.org
University of Rochester Medical Center http://www.urmc.rochester.edu
Canadian Neurological Sciences Federation http://www.cnsfederation.org
Spina Bifida & Hydrocephalus Canada http://www.sbhac.ca
Complications of hydrocephalus. Hydrocephalus Association website. Available at: http://www.hydroassoc.org/hydrocephalus-education-and-support/learning-about-hydrocephalus/life-threatening-complications-of-hydrocephalus. Accessed December 23, 2013.
Shunt systems. Hydrocephalus Association website. Available at: http://www.hydroassoc.org/hydrocephalus-education-and-support/learning-about-hydrocephalus/shunts. Accessed December 23, 2013.
Ventriculoperitoneal shunt. NeuroSurgery PA website. Available at: http://www.neurosurgerypa.com/procedures/Ventriculoperitoneal%5FShunt.html. Accessed December 23, 2013.
Ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. University of Rochester Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.urmc.rochester.edu/neurosurgery/for-patients/treatments/ventriculoperitoneal-shunt.aspx. Accessed December 23, 2013.
Ventriculoperitoneal VP shunt placement. Holy Cross Hospital website. Available at: http://www.holycrosshealth.org/ventriculoperitoneal-vp-shunt-placement. Accessed December 23, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 01/2014 -
- Update Date: 02/12/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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