Reducing Your Risk of Heart Disease When You Have Diabetes
Diabetes and Heart Disease Risk
Controlling Risk Factors: Getting Appropriate Treatment
- Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors)
- Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs)
- Calcium channel blockers
- Thiazide-like diuretics
Work With Your Health Care Team
Controlling Risk Factors: Lifestyle Modifications
Eat a Healthy Diet
Increase Your Physical Activity
American Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.org
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Canadian Diabetes Association http://www.diabetes.ca
2008 Physical activity guidelines for Americans. US Department of Health and Human Services website. Available at: http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/pdf/paguide.pdf. Published October 2008. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Cardiovascular disease & diabetes. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Diabetes/WhyDiabetesMatters/Cardiovascular-Disease-Diabetes%5FUCM%5F313865%5FArticle.jsp. Updated January 31, 2013. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Complications . American Diabetes Association website. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/?loc=DropDownLWD-complications. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/stroke. Updated February 19, 2014. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Hypertension treatments in patients with diabetes. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated Mar 17, 2014. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Lipid-lowering in patients with diabetes. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated Mar 31, 2014. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Snow V, Aronson MD, et al. Lipid control in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2004;140(8):644-9.
Mosca L, Benjamin EJ, Berra K, et al. Effectiveness-based guidelines for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in women—2011 update: a guideline from the American Heart Association. Circulation. 2011;123:1-20.
Prevent diabetes problems: Keep your heart and blood vessels healthy. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse website. http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/complications%5Fheart. Updated August 9, 2013. Accessed April 23, 2014.
National diabetes statistics, 2011. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/DM/PUBS/statistics. Updated September 9, 2013. Accessed April 23, 2014.
6/5/2009 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Bulugahapitiya U, Siyambalapitiya S, Sithole J, Idris I. Is diabetes a coronary risk equivalent? Systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabet Med. 2009;26:142-148.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 04/23/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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