(Bleeding, Postmenopausal; PMB)
|Female Reproductive Organs|
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- Continuous hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
- Thinning and loss of elasticity of the vagina
- Inflammation of the endometrium, the lining of the uterus
- Endometrial hyperplasia, a thickening of endometrium
- Polyps, noncancerous growths on the uterus or cervix
- Infection of the uterus or cervix
- Endometrial cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Fibroid tumors in the uterus or vagina
- Cervical cancer screening
- Endometrial biopsy
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists http://www.acog.org
Office on Women's Health http://www.womenshealth.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada http://www.sogc.org
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Committee Opinion on role of transvaginal ultrasonography in evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding. Obstet Gynecol. 2009;113(2):462.
Gale A, Dey P. Postmenopausal bleeding. Menopause Int. 2009;15(4):160-164.
Perimenopausal bleeding and bleeding after menopause. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq162.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20121221T1430328285. Updated May 2011. Accessed March 18, 2014.
Postmenopausal bleeding. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 17, 2012. Accessed March 18, 2014.
Sonohysterography. Radiological Society of North America Radiology Info website. Available at: http://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=hysterosono. Updated July 16, 2013. Accessed March 18, 2014.
11/5/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Khati NJ, Glanc P, et al. ACR Appropriateness Criteria abnormal vaginal bleeding [online publication]. Reston (VA: American College of Radiology (ACR); 2014. 13 p. Available at: https://acsearch.acr.org/docs/69458/Narrative. Accessed November 5, 2014.
- Reviewer: Andrea Chisholm, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 11/05/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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