All Forms of Smoking Are Bad for You
Pipes and Cigars
“Exotic” Smoking: Waterpipes, Cloves, and Bidis
Other Ways to Get Your Fix
No Safe Way to Smoke
American Lung Association http://www.lung.org
Smoke Free http://www.smokefree.gov
Canadian Cancer Society http://www.cancer.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
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E-cigarettes: Questions and answers. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm225210.htm. Updated January 21, 2015. Accessed May 15, 2015.
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Questions about smoking, tobacco, and health. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/002974-pdf.pdf. Accessed May 13, 2015.
Tobacco: Deadly in any form or disguise. World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/tobacco/communications/events/wntd/2006/Report%5Fv8%5F4May06.pdf. Accessed May 13, 2015.
Tobacco use. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated May 1, 2015. Accessed May 13, 2015.
Wald NJ, Watt HC. Prospective study of effect of switching from cigarettes to pipes or cigars on mortality from three smoking related diseases. BMJ. 1997;314(7098):1860-1863.
3/19/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: McRobbie H, Bullen C, et al. Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;12:CD010216.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/13/2015 -
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