(Counseling; Emotion-Based Psychotherapy; Individual Therapy; Psychosocial Therapy; Talk Therapy)
- Cognitive behavioral therapy—focuses on how thoughts affect feelings and behavior and altering those thoughts
- Interpersonal therapy—focuses on improving interaction with others and current relationship problems
- Psychodynamic therapy—focuses on childhood experiences, internal conflicts, and problematic thoughts or feelings about yourself
|Managing Mental Health Concerns|
|Mental health concerns may be caused by a combination of physiological and emotional triggers. Psychotherapy can help patients cope by decreasing the effects of emotional triggers.|
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Reasons for Therapy
- Anxiety disorders, such as obsessive-compulsive disorder, phobias, panic disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder
- Mood disorders, such as depression or bipolar disorder
- Addictions, such as alcohol, drugs, or gambling
- Eating disorders, such as anorexia or bulimia
- Personality disorders, such as borderline personality disorder or antisocial personality disorder
- Emotional pain
- Relationship conflicts
- Doing poorly at work
- Drug use
- Suicidal thoughts or attempts—It is important to remember that, if left untreated, mental health conditions like depression can lead to suicide.
- Dealing with the loss of a loved one
- Coping with a serious illness or traumatic event
What to Expect
Prior to Therapy
Make a list of questions you would like to ask the therapist, such as
- What therapeutic approach they use and how successful it might be
- How long the sessions will be and how many you will need
- What your goals should be
- Think about what you would like to talk about in therapy.
Description of Therapy
- Are going to harm yourself or someone else
- Have abused a child or an adult (eg, a person with a disability or an elderly person)
- Marriage counseling
- Family therapy
- Group therapy
How Long Will It Take?
Call Your Therapist
American Psychological Association http://www.apa.org
Mental Health America http://www.nmha.org
Canadian Mental Health Association http://www.ontario.cmha.ca
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org
Individual therapy. Good Therapy.org website. Available at: http://www.goodtherapy.org/individual-therapy.html. Accessed December 28, 2010.
Kassel K. Cognitive-behavioral therapy. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated December 1, 2010. Accessed December 28, 2010.
Psychotherapy. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/psychotherapy/basics/definition/prc-20013335. Updated November 5, 2010. Accessed December 28, 2010.
Psychotherapy and counseling. Help Guide.org website. Available at: http://www.helpguide.org/mental/psychotherapy%5Ftherapist%5Fcounseling.htm. Accessed December 28, 2010.
Strupp H. Psychotherapy. Discovering Psychology website. Available at: http://www.learner.org/discoveringpsychology/22/e22expand.html. Accessed December 28, 2010.
What is psychotherapy for children and adolescents? American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry website. Available at: http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families%5Fand%5FYouth/Facts%5Ffor%5FFamilies/Facts%5Ffor%5FFamilies%5FPages/What%5FIs%5FPsychotherapy%5FFor%5FChildren%5FAnd%5FAdolescents%5F53.aspx. Published February 2005. Accessed December 28, 2010.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 00/52/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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