Carotid Artery Stenosis
(Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis; Carotid Artery Disease)
|Blood Supply to the Brain|
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- Blindness, blurry or dim vision
- Weakness, numbness, or tingling of the face, arm, leg, or one side of the body
- Difficulty speaking or understanding words
- Dizziness, unsteadiness of gait, or falling
- Trouble with balance or coordination
- Loss of consciousness
- Nausea or vomiting
- Sudden confusion or loss of memory
- Carotid ultrasonography—uses a device placed on the side of the neck to detect the narrow parts of the arteries
- Computer tomography angiography (CTA)—uses computer enhanced x-ray images and a special liquid injected into the blood to examine blood flow through the arteries
- Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)—uses magnetic fields and a special liquid injected into the blood to make images of the arteries
- The severity of your condition
- Your symptoms
Medication and Lifestyle Changes
- Exercise regularly.
- Eat more fruits and vegetables . Limit dietary salt and fat .
- Stop smoking.
- If you drink alcohol, do so only in moderation . This means having no more than two drinks per day if you are a man, and no more than one drink per day if you are woman.
- Maintain a healthy weight .
- Keep your blood pressure in a safe range. Follow your doctor's recommendations if you have high blood pressure.
- Keep other conditions under control. This includes high cholesterol and diabetes.
American Heart Association http://www.heart.org
National Stroke Association http://www.stroke.org
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada http://www.heartandstroke.ca
Prevent Stroke http://www.preventstroke.ca
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Carotid artery stenosis. American Heart Association website. Available at: http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4497. Accessed December 20, 2010.
Carotid artery stenosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 6, 2010. Accessed December 20, 2010.
Carotid artery disease. Mayo Clinic website. Available at: http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/carotid-artery-disease/DS01030. Accessed December 20, 2010.
Carotid artery disease: what is it? Vascular Disease Foundation website. Available at: http://www.vdf.org/diseaseinfo/carotid. Updated November 9, 2010. Accessed December 20, 2010.
Lyons S. Peripheral vascular disease. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated October 18, 2010. Accessed December 20, 2010.
Wood D. Stroke. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated November 11, 2010. Accessed December 20, 2010.
Wood D. Transient ischemic attack. EBSCO Health Library website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated September 20, 2010. Accessed December 20, 2010.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 03/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/02/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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