|Common Sites on the Face for Melasma|
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- Family history of melasma
- Having a darker skin tone
- Getting too much sun exposure
- Taking birth control pills
- Using products that irritate the skin, such as cosmetics
- Certain medications, such as antiseizure drugs or hormone therapy
- Melasma associated with pregnancy may slowly fade after giving birth.
- Melasma associated with birth control pills or hormone replacement therapy may fade after the medication is stopped.
Ultraviolet Light Protection
- Chemical peel
- Microdermabrasion—removing top layer of skin
- Laser therapy
- Limit the amount of time you spend in the sun. Avoid using tanning booths.
- Use sunscreen daily. Wear sunscreen that protects against both UVA and UVB rays and has an SPF of 30 or more.
American Academy of Dermatology http://www.aad.org
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
Canadian Dermatology Association http://www.dermatology.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Gupta AK, Gover MD, Nouri K, Taylor S. The treatment of melasma: a review of clinical trials. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006;55(6):1048-1065.
Melasma. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/m---p/melasma. Accessed June 4, 2015.
Melasma. American Osteopathic College of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aocd.org/?page=Melasma. Accessed June 4, 2015.
Melasma. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/melasma.html. Updated April 2014. Accessed June 4, 2015.
Prignano F, Ortonne JP, Buggiani G, Lotti T. Therapeutical approaches in melasma. Dermatol Clin. 2007;25(3):337-342.
Tierney EP, Hanke CW. Review of the literature: Treatment of dyspigmentation with fractionated resurfacing. Dermatol Surg. 2010 Oct;36(10):1499-508.
Treatments of common complaints in pregnant women. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 11, 2014. Accessed June 4, 2015.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/22/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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