Myocarditis -- Child
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- Autoimmune disorders
- Infections by bacteria, parasites, or fungus
- Flu-like complaints, including fever, fatigue, muscle or joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea , and weakness
- Rapid or irregular heart rate
- Chest pain
- Trouble breathing
- Loss of consciousness
- Swelling of the face, feet, or legs
- Abdominal pain
- Decreased urine output
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) —to look for electrical problems in the heart
- Imaging tests to examine the size, shape, and motion of the heart, including
- Biopsy —to look for infection or other causes
- Antibioitcs may be given for a bacterial infection
- Antiviral agents may be given if a virus in involved
- Immunosuppressive or immunoglobulin therapy may be used if an autoimmune disorder is involved
American Heart Association http://www.americanheart.org/
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/
Myocarditis. Seattle Children's Hospital website. Available at: http://www.seattlechildrens.org/medical-conditions/heart-blood-conditions/myocarditis/#. Accessed June 20, 2013.
Myocarditis.Children's Hospital of Philadelphia website. Available at: http://www.chop.edu/service/cardiac-center/heart-conditions/myocarditis.html. Updated June 2010. Accessed June 20, 2013.
Myocarditis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php. Updated March 6, 2013. Accessed June 20, 2013.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/14/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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