|The Liver and Other Organs|
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- Thick and painful tendons, especially the Achilles tendon.
- Xanthomas—fatty deposits beneath the skin most commonly found on the elbows, joints, tendons, knees, hands, feet, and buttocks
- Xanthelasmas—fatty deposits on the eyelids
- Eye problems—fatty deposits on the cornea
Treatment for FH Inherited From One Parent
- Alow-fat, low-cholesterol diet may be recommended. You may need to work with a dietitian.
- Regular exercise is important. Talk to the doctor before starting an exercise program.
- If you smoke, talk to the doctor about programs to help you quit.
- Maintaining a healthy weight is important. If you are overweight, talk to the doctor about how to lose weight.
- Make sure other medical conditions, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, are being treated and controlled.
Treatment for FH Inherited From Both Parents
- Apheresis—a process that uses a special machine to filter LDL from the blood
- Liver transplant—may be done in severe cases where the condition is getting worse and treatment has been unsuccessful
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov
National Organization for Rare Disorders http://www.rarediseases.org
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Familial hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 12, 2015. Accessed January 26, 2015.
Familial hypercholesterolemia. National Institutes of Health website. Available at: http://history.nih.gov/exhibits/genetics/sect2b.htm. Accessed January 26, 2015.
Familial hypercholesterolemia. National Organization of Rare Disorders website. Available at: http://www.rarediseases.org/search/rdbdetail%5Fabstract.html?disname=Familial%20Hypercholesterolemia. Accessed January 26, 2015.
Hypercholesterolemia. Genetics Home Reference website. Available at: http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=hypercholesterolemia. Updated March 2007. Accessed January 26, 2015.
- Reviewer: Marcin Chwistek, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/01/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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