Mini-Maze Procedure -- Minimally Invasive Surgery
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Reasons for Procedure
- Anesthesia-related problems
- The need to switch to an open procedure
- Damage to other organs
What to Expect
Prior to Procedure
- Physical exam, including blood and urine tests
- Chest x-ray
- Electrocardiogram (EKG)—a test that records the heart’s activity by measuring electrical currents through the heart muscle
- Talk to your doctor about your medications, including over-the-counter medications. You may be asked to stop taking some medications up to one week before the procedure.
- Arrange for someone to drive you home from the hospital. Also, have someone help you at home.
- Eat a light meal the night before. Do not eat or drink anything after midnight.
- If you smoke, it is best to stop.
Description of the Procedure
Immediately After Procedure
How Long Will It Take?
How Much Will It Hurt?
Average Hospital Stay
- Fluids and pain medication will be given through an IV line. You may be given medication to help control the build-up of fluids.
- Efforts will be made to get you out of bed and walking as soon as possible.
- You will be asked to do deep breathing and coughing exercises. This will help reduce the risk of fluid build-up in your lungs.
- Washing their hands
- Wearing gloves or masks
- Keeping your incisions covered
- Washing your hands often and reminding visitors and healthcare providers to do the same
- Reminding your healthcare providers to wear gloves or masks
- Not allowing others to touch your incisions
- Rest when needed. At first, it is normal to feel more tired than usual.
- Walk daily. Activity will help with the healing process.
- Keep the incision area clean and dry.
- Limit certain activities until you have recovered.
Call Your Doctor
- Cough or shortness of breath
- New chest pain
- Signs of infection, including fever and chills
- Palpitations or rapid heart rate
- Redness, swelling, increasing pain, excessive bleeding, or discharge from an incision site
- Persistent nausea and/or vomiting
- Pain that you cannot control with the medications you've been given
- Coughing up blood
- Headache or feeling faint
- Inability to urinate
- Pain, burning, urgency, frequency of urination, or persistent bleeding in the urine
- Pain and/or swelling in your feet, calves, or legs
- New or worsening symptoms
- Sudden chest pain
- Sudden shortness of breath
- Problems with vision or speaking
- Numbness or weakness on one side of your body
Heart Rhythm Society http://www.hrsonline.org
Society of Thoracic Surgeons http://www.sts.org
Canadian Cardiovascular Society http://www.ccs.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
A patient’s guide to heart surgery. University of Southern California Cardiothoracic Surgery website. Available at: http://www.cts.usc.edu/hpg-index.html. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Atrial fibrillation surgery—Maze procedure. Society of Thoracic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.sts.org/patient-information/arrhythmia-surgery/atrial-fibrillation-surgery. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Maze procedure for treatment of atrial fibrillation. University of Southern California Cardiothoracic Surgery website. Available at: http://www.cts.usc.edu/mazeprocedure.html. Accessed December 29, 2014.
Maze surgery. Texas Heart institute website. Available at: http://www.texasheartinstitute.org/HIC/Topics/Proced/mazes.cfm. Updated August 2014. Accessed December 29, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael J. Fucci, DO
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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