BPA Raising Concerns
The Role of BPA
- Thyroid function
- Brain growth
- Behavioral development
- Development of the pituitary gland
BPA in the Body
- Clear or colored containers or bottles with the recycling number 3 or 7 and the letters PC—polycarbonate plastic
- Canned foods
- Liquid infant formula in canned containers—powdered formula in cans does not appear to have detectable levels of BPA
- Avoiding the use of containers that have BPA for storage or delivery of infant formula and breast milk
- Reducing BPA exposure in women who are pregnant or breastfeeding
- When possible, choose glass or stainless steel containers; they do not contain BPA.
- If you have plastics with the recycling number 3 or 7, avoid heating the plastic by:
- Avoid putting them in microwaves or in hot water on the stove, especially when preparing infant formula.
- Do not put boiling water or hot foods in them.
- Avoid using the dishwasher—wash by hand with soap and warm water.
- Replace worn, old, or scratched PC plastic containers.
- Women that are pregnant or breastfeeding should choose fresh or frozen foods over canned foods to reduce exposure to BPA.
Taking It Home
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
National Institute of Environmental Sciences http://www.niehs.nih.gov
Environment Canada http://www.ec.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
BPA press release. Health Canada website. Available at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/securit/packag-emball/bpa/index-eng.php. Updated December 15, 2014. Accessed July 15, 2015.
Bisphenol A (BPA). National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences website. Available at: http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/sya-bpa/index.cfm. Accessed July 15, 2015.
Bisphenol A fact sheet. National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences website. Available at: http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/assets/docs%5Fa%5Fe/bisphenol%5Fa%5Fbpa%5F508.pdf#search=bisphenol. Accessed July 15, 2015.
Brannick KE, Craig ZR, Himes AD, et al. Prenatal exposure to low doses of bisphenol A increases pituitary proliferation and gonadotroph in female mice offspring at birth. Biol Reprod. 2012;87(4):82.
Carwile JL, Luu HT, Bassett LS, et al. Polycarbonate bottle use and urinary bisphenol A concentrations. Environ Health Perspect. 2009;117(9):1368-1372.
FDA continues to study BPA. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/forconsumers/consumerupdates/ucm297954.htm. Updated January 29, 2015. Accessed July 15, 2015.
Prenatal and childhood BPA exposure linked to anxiety, hyperactivity in boys. Environmental Health News website. Available at: http://www.environmentalhealthnews.org/ehs/newscience/2013/07/boys-bisphenol-a/. Published July 25, 2013. Accessed July 15, 2015.
Spotlight on Bisphenol A fact sheet. CDC website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/biomonitoring/pdf/BisphenolA%5FFactSheet.pdf. Updated January 2010. Accessed July 15, 2015.
Yang S. BPA linked to thyroid hormone changes in pregnant women, newborns. UC Berkeley News Center website. Available at: http://newscenter.berkeley.edu/2012/10/04/bpa-thyroid-hormone-changes. Accessed July 15, 2015.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 07/15/2015 -
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