Preventing Foodborne Illnesses From the Farm to the Fridge
Where It All Begins
Hot, Cold, and Clean
- Cook food thoroughly, particularly eggs, meat, and poultry.
- Eggs should be cooked until the yolk is firm.
- Use a thermometer to make sure meat and poultry are cooked well.
- Look on packaging or on most kitchen thermometers for recommended temperatures.
- Keep leftovers refrigerated. Keep your refrigerator temperature set at 40ºF(4ºC) or below.
- Wash fruits and vegetables before eating.
- Wash your hands before preparing a meal.
- Avoid activities like changing a baby’s diaper while preparing food, or wash your hands right afterwards if you have to.
- Keep different foods separate while preparing the meal.
- Wash kitchen utensils and surfaces between foods.
- When dining out, check to see the health department rating of your restaurant.
- Also when dining out, ask that your food be cooked thoroughly.
- Check if food with eggs, like omelets, are made from pasteurized eggs.
Food for Thought
- Sushi and other raw fish, especially shellfish
- Unpasteurized milks and juices
- Ready to eat meats—hot dogs or luncheon meats
- Soft cheeses, unless they are labeled as made from pasteurized milk
- Refrigerated pates or meat spreads
- Refrigerated smoked seafood (safe if it is cooked)
- Raw eggs
- Unwashed fruits and vegetables
Fight BAC!—Partnership for Food Safety Education http://www.fightbac.org
National Restaurant Association http://www.restaurant.org
Canadian Food Inspection Agency http://www.inspection.gc.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Foodborne illnesses. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/bacteria/. Updated June 25, 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014.
Foodborne illness and disease. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/topics/food-safety-education/get-answers/food-safety-fact-sheets/foodborne-illness-and-disease. Updated June 16, 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014.
Foods to avoid or limit during pregnancy. March of Dimes website. Available at: http://www.marchofdimes.org/pregnancy/foods-to-avoid-or-limit-during-pregnancy.aspx. Updated June 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014.
Tracking and reporting foodborne disease outbreaks. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available: http://www.cdc.gov/Features/dsFoodborneOutbreaks/. Updated March 29, 2013. Accessed October 22, 2014.
While you're pregnant—what is foodborne illness? US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Food/ResourcesForYou/HealthEducators/ucm083316.htm. Updated October 16, 2014. Accessed October 22, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 10/2014 -
- Update Date: 10/22/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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