The Ketogenic Diet and Epilepsy: Does It Really Work?
Getting to Know the Ketogenic Diet
How it Works
Making the Change
Degree of Difficulty
- Meats, such as bacon, steak, or hamburger
- Full-fat dairy low in carbohydrates
- Full-fat condiments, such as mayonnaise, oil, or butter
- Vegetables high in fiber
- Limited servings of fruit
What to Expect
Common Side Effects
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dehydration—make sure your child has adequate fluid intake
Unusual, Rare, or Serious Side Effects
The Epilepsy Foundation http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org
Kids Health—Nemours Foundation http://kidshealth.org
The Center for Epilepsy and Seizure Education http://epilepsy.ca
Epilepsy Ontario http://www.epilepsyontario.org
Classic ketogenic and modified ketogenic. The Charlie Foundation website. Available at: http://www.charliefoundation.org/explore-ketogenic-diet/explore-2/classic-ketogenic. Accessed October 23, 2014.
Epilepsy. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/brain/epilepsy.html. Updated June 2013. Accessed October 23, 2014.
Epilepsy: frequently asked questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/epilepsy/basics/faqs.htm. Updated May 16, 2013. Accessed October 23, 2014.
Ketogenic diet in children. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 29, 2014. Accessed October 23, 2014.
Kwiterovich P, Vining E, Pyzik P, et al. Effect of a high-fat ketogenic diet on plasma levels of lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins in children. JAMA. 2003;290:912-920.
Lefevere F, Aronson N. Ketogenic diet for the treatment of refractory epilepsy in children: A systematic review of efficacy. Pediatrics. 2000;105:e46.
LGS: dietary treatments. Epilepsy Foundation website. Available at http://www.epilepsy.com/information/lennox-gastaut-syndrome/treatment-overview/lgs-dietary-treatments. Accessed October 23, 2014.
Nephrolithiasis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 7, 2014. Accessed October 23, 2014.
What is the ketogenic diet? The Charlie Foundation website. Available at: http://www.charliefoundation.org/explore-ketogenic-diet/explore-1/introducing-the-diet. Accessed October 23, 2014.
5/14/2008 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Neal EG, Chaffe H, Schwartz RH, et al. The ketogenic diet for the treatment of childhood epilepsy: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet Neurol. 2008 May 2. [Epub ahead of print]
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 10/2014 -
- Update Date: 10/23/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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