Iron Supplementation In Babies and Children
What Is Iron?
What Happens When the Body Has Low Iron?
- Decreased energy
- Pale skin color
- Problems with concentration
- Shortness of breath
- Cold feet and hands
- Chest pain and rapid heartbeat
Are Some Children at Higher Risk for Anemia?
How Can I Make Sure My Child Is Getting Enough Iron?
- Liver, beef, poultry, pork, lamb
- Tuna, salmon
- Iron-fortified cereals and breads
- Dried beans such as limas, soybeans, pinto and kidney beans, split peas, black-eyed peas
- Whole grains, including wheat, millet, oats, and brown rice
- Dried fruits such as apricots, raisins, prunes, dates, peaches
- Dark green vegetables, including leafy greens like spinach, kale, and collards, as well as broccoli and asparagus
- Blackstrap molasses
Should My Child Be Tested for Anemia?
How Much Iron Does My Child Need?
Age of Child
|7-12 months||11 mg||11 mg|
|1-3 years||7 mg||7 mg|
|4-8 years||10 mg||10 mg|
|9-13 years||8 mg||8 mg|
|14-18 years||15 mg||11 mg|
What Should I Do if My Child Is Anemic?
How Can I Safely Store My Child’s Iron Supplements?
American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
United States Department of Agriculture http://www.usda.gov
About Kids Health http://www.aboutkidshealth.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Anemia—differential diagnosis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/. Updated September 8, 2011. Accessed January 30, 2014.
Canadian Paediatric Society. Iron needs of babies and children. Paediatr Child Health. 2007 April;12(4):333-334. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2528681/. Accessed January 30, 2014.
Chantry CJ, Howard CR, Auinger P. Full breastfeeding duration and risk for iron deficiency in U.S. infants. Breastfeed. 2007;2(2):63-73.
Diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children (0-3 years of age). Pediatrics. 2010 November 1;126(5):1040-1050. Available at: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/126/5/1040.full.html. Accessed January 30, 2014.
Human nutrition: iron. Ohio State University website. Available at: http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/5000/5559.html. Accessed January 30, 2014.
Iron. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/academic/natural-alternative-treatments. Updated August 2013. Accessed January 30, 2014.
Iron. Office of Dietary Supplements website. Available at: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iron-HealthProfessional/. Updated August 24, 2007. Accessed January 30, 2014.
Iron and iron deficiency. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nutrition/everyone/basics/vitamins/iron.html . Updated February 23, 2011. Accessed January 30, 2014
Recommendations to prevent and control iron deficiency in the United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/pdf/rr/rr4703.pdf. Published April 3, 1998. Accessed January 30, 2014.
Screening tests for infants. Lab Tests Online website. Available at: http://labtestsonline.org/understanding/wellness/ab-infant-1/ab-infant-2/. Updated November 18, 2013. Accessed January 30, 2014.
What are the signs and symptoms of iron-deficiency anemia? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at: http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/ida/signs.html. Updated April 1, 2011. Accessed January 30, 2014.
10/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: Baker R, Greer F, the Committee on Nutrition. Clinical report—diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children (0-3 years of age). American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/reprint/peds.2010-2576v1. Published October 5, 2010. Accessed January 30, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 01/2014 -
- Update Date: 01/30/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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