(AN; Auditory Dyssynchrony; Auditory Synaptopathy; Neuropathy, Auditory; Auditory Processing Disorder)
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- Damage to the hair cells in the inner ear
- Bad connections between the hair cells in the inner ear and the nerve to the brain
- Damaged nerve
- A combination of these problems
- Family history of hearing loss
- Lack of oxygen at birth
- Very low birth weight
- Jaundice after birth
- Gilbert's syndrome —a genetic disorder
- Neurological disorders such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth Syndrome and Friedreich’s ataxia
- Infectious disease, such as mumps or meningitis
- Immune disorders
- Exposure to chemicals or medications that cause hearing loss, such as aminoglycosides, loop diuretics, and some chemotherapies
- Tumors of the nerve or those that compress the nerve
- Neurofibromatosis type 2 —genetic disorder of the nervous system and skin
- White noise—the sound is heard, but the word is not clear
- Sounds to tune in and out
- Words and sounds to seem out of sync
- Ringing in the ears— tinnitus
- Auditory brainstem response (ABR) to measure brainwave activity
- Otoacoustic emissions (OAE) to record how the cells in the ear respond to clicking sounds
- Saving current hearing skills
- Restoring lost hearing
- Finding new ways of communicating
Working with a team of specialists, including:
- Otolaryngologist (ENT)—doctor specializing in disorders of the ear, nose, and throat
- Audiologist—doctor specializing in hearing loss
- Speech-language pathologist—healthcare professional who specializes in communication disorders
Using technology, such as:
- Cochlear implants —surgically implanted electronic devices that stimulate the auditory nerve to send information to the brain
- Hearing aids
- Listening devices such as frequency modulation (FM) systems
Having speech-language therapy, such as:
- Sign language
- Speech-reading—also known as lip-reading
- Exercises combining listening skills with technology
- If you are pregnant, ask your doctor how you can avoid infections
- Talk to your doctor if you have any conditions related to AN
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association http://www.asha.org
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders http://www.nidcd.nih.gov
Ontario Association for Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists http://www.osla.on.ca
Speech-Language and Audiology Canada http://www.caslpa.ca
Auditory neuropathy. National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders website. Available at: http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/hearing/pages/neuropathy.aspx. Updated March 15, 2011. Accessed May 30, 2014.
Causes of hearing loss. My Baby’s Hearing website. Available at: http://www.babyhearing.org/HearingAmplification/Causes/Neuropathy.asp. Accessed May 30, 2014.
Cochlear implants. American Academy of Otolaryngology website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/?q=node/1330. Updated January 2013. Accessed May 30, 2014.
Ototoxic medications (medication effects). American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/hearing/Ototoxic-Medications. Accessed May 30, 2014.
Ototoxicity. Vestibular Disorders Association website. Available at: http://vestibular.org/ototoxicity. Accessed May 30, 2014.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/30/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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