- Decreased range of motion
- Swelling or redness to joint(s)
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Bone scan
- X-ray —may only be able to detect abnormal bone in later phases of the disease
|X-ray of Pelvic Repair|
|HO may not show up on x-ray until later stages.|
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- Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://www.orthoinfo.org
Spinal Cord Injury Information Network http://www.uab.edu/medicine/sci
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Black DL, Smith JD, Dalziel RE, Young DA, Shimmin A. Incidence of heterotopic ossification after hip resurfacing. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surg. 2007;77:642-647.
Frontera: Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation .1st ed. Philadelphia; Hanley and Belfus; 2002.
Pape HC, Marsh S, Morley JR, Krettek C, Giannoudis PV. Current concepts in the development of heterotopic ossification. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2004;86(6):783-7.
Spinal cord injury—InfoSheet #12. Spinal Cord Injury Information Network website. Available at: http://images.main.uab.edu/spinalcord/pdffiles/info-12.pdf. Accessed August 22, 2013.
Zychowicz ME. Pathophysiology of heterotopic ossification. Orthop Nurs. 2013;32(3):173-177.
- Reviewer: John C. Keel, MD
- Review Date: 06/2013 -
- Update Date: 06/01/2013 -
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