Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
(BPPV; Benign Positional Vertigo, BPV; Positional Vertigo of Barany)
|The clump of ear crystals can lead to BPPV.|
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- Head injury
- Viral infection
- Disorders of the inner ear
- Prolonged immobility of the head
- Age-related changes to inner ear
- Sensation of spinning or rotation when you change head position that last less than one minute
- Loss of balance
- Ringing or buzzing sounds in the ear
- Vision or hearing problems
- Blood pressure test, both lying down and standing up
- Blood tests
- Auditory tests
- Vision tests
- Dix-Hallpike maneuver—moving your head or body in certain ways to test response
- MRI scan
- Electronystagmography (ENG)
American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery http://www.entnet.org
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor http://familydoctor.org
Canadian Academy of Audiology http://www.canadianaudiology.ca
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology http://www.entcanada.org
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo.html. Updated July 2010. Accessed April 25, 2013.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 14, 2013. Accessed April 25, 2013.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. The Merck Manual Professional Edition website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/ear%5Fnose%5Fand%5Fthroat%5Fdisorders/inner%5Fear%5Fdisorders/benign%5Fparoxysmal%5Fpositional%5Fvertigo.html. Updated November 2012. Accessed April 25, 2013.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Vestibular Disorders Association website. Available at: https://vestibular.org/understanding-vestibular-disorders/types-vestibular-disorders/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo. Accessed April 25, 2013.
Post RE, Dickerson LM. Dizziness: A diagnostic approach. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82(4):369.
9/10/2014 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed: University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing, Family Practitioner Program. Evaluation of vertigo in the adult patient. Austin (Tx): University of Texas at Austin, School of Nursing; 2014 May. 19 p. Available at: http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=48220#Section427. Accessed September 10, 2014.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD
- Review Date: 01/2015 -
- Update Date: 09/10/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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