Men's Health Matters
Advice from US Preventive Services Task Force
Screening Procedures for Men
Why It Is Important
|Aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA)||A smoking history greatly increases risk. An undetected aneurysm that ruptures has a high mortality rate.||Men between ages 65 and 75 who have ever smoked should have an ultrasound screening for the presence of AAA.|
High blood pressure
|High blood pressure increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, heart failure, and other problems. The only way to tell if you have high blood pressure is to have it checked. There are no symptoms.||Adults aged 18 and over should have their blood pressure checked.|
|High cholesterol causes most of the same problems as high blood pressure.||Beginning at age 35, men should have their cholesterol checked. If you are at an increased risk for coronary heart disease, you should have it checked beginning at age 20.|
|Colorectal cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the US. Early detection can drastically reduce the likelihood you will die from the disease.||
Men age 50 and over should be screened for colorectal cancer. When to be screened depends on which test your doctor recommends:
|Diabetes is associated with long-term complications that affect almost every part of the body. If detected early enough, you can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes and the complications.||If your blood pressure is over 135/80 mm Hg, you should be screened for type 2 diabetes.|
|Symptoms of depression include feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and lost of interest in activities that you once enjoyed. Treatment can alleviate the symptoms in many cases.||USPSTF recommends routine screening for adults. If you have any symptoms related to depression, talk to you doctor. There is help available.|
|Being overweight or obese can greatly increase your risk of a variety of other health problems.||Adults aged 18 and over should be screened for obesity.|
Sexually transmitted disease (STD)
|There are many different kinds of STDs, and some of symptoms may go unrecognized.||If you have had unprotected sex or engaged in other risky behavior talk to your doctor about being tested for STDs, including:|
- Skin cancer:
- Squamous cell carcinoma—Affects the upper layers of the skin.
- Basal cell carcinoma—Originates in the deeper basal cells, but can appear on the skin's surface layers.
- Melanoma—Tumors that arise in the skin that gives moles their dark color. Melanomas are not as common, but they are more aggressive and deadlier because they can spread to other parts of the body.
- Tetanus-diphtheria (Td) or Tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap)
- Hepatitis B
- Herpes zoster (shingles)
- Human papillomavirus (HPV)
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality http://www.ahrq.gov
Men’s Health Network http://www.menshealthnetwork.org
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
The College of Family Physicians of Canada http://www.cfpc.ca
2014 recommended immunizations for adults by age (19 years and over). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/downloads/adult/adult-schedule-easy-read.pdf. Updated February 4, 2014. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Colorectal cancer screening. EBSCO DynaMed website. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 1, 2014. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Depression. EBSCO DynaMed website. http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated April 10, 2014. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Myers D, Wolff T, et al. USPSTF recommendations for STI screening. Am Fam Physician. 2008;77(6):819-824.
Screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm. US Preventive Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsaneu.htm. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Screening for high blood pressure in adults. US Preventive Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspshype.htm. Updated December 2007. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Screening for lipid disorders in adults. US Preventive Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspschol.htm. Updated June 2008. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Screening for prostate cancer: current recommendation. US Preventative Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/prostatecancerscreening.htm. Published May 2012. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Screening for type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults. US Preventive Services Task Force website. Available at: http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf/uspsdiab.htm. Updated June 2008. Accessed Accessed April 23, 2014.
Step-by-step self-examination. Skin Cancer website. Available at: http://www.skincancer.org/skin-cancer-information/early-detection/step-by-step-self-examination. Accessed April 23, 2014.
Testicular cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated October 18, 2013. Accessed April 23, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 00/42/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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