How Is Tai Chi Used Today?
What Is the Scientific Evidence for Tai Chi?
What Should You Expect in a Tai Chi Class?
1 Wu G. Evaluation of the effectiveness of Tai Chi for improving balance and preventing falls in the older population—a review. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002;50:746-754.
2 Schaller KJ. Tai Chi Chih: an exercise option for older adults. J Gerontol Nurs. 1996;22:12-17.
3 Li JX, Hong Y, Chan KM. Tai chi: physiological characteristics and beneficial effects on health. Br J Sports Med. 2001;35:148-156.
4 Li F, Harmer P, Fisher KJ et al. Tai chi: improving functional balance and predicting subsequent falls in older persons. Med Sci Sports Exerc . 2004;36:2046-2052.
5 Thomas GN, Hong AW, Tomlinson B et al. Effects of Tai Chi and resistance training on cardiovascular risk factors in elderly Chinese subjects: a 12-month longitudinal, randomized, controlled intervention study. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) . 2005;63:663-669.
6 Maciaszek J, Osinski W, Szeklicki R, et al. Effect of tai chi on body balance: randomized controlled trial in men with osteopenia or osteoporosis. Am J Chin Med . 2007;35:1-9.
7 Brismee JM, Paige RL, Chyu MC, et al. Group and home-based tai chi in elderly subjects with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized controlled trial. Clin Rehabil . 2007;21:99-111.
8 Woo J, Hong A, Lau E, et al. A randomised controlled trial of Tai Chi and resistance exercise on bone health, muscle strength, and balance in community-living elderly people. Age Ageing . 2007 Mar 13 [Epub ahead of print].
9 Wayne PM, Kiel DP, Krebs DE, et al. The effects of tai chi on bone mineral density in postmenopausal women: a systematic review. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2007;88:673-680.
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11 Yeh GY, Wang C, Wayne PM, et al. The effect of tai chi exercise on blood pressure: a systematic review. Prev Cardiol. 2008;11:82-89.
12 Low S, Ang LW, Goh KS, et al. A systematic review of the effectiveness of Tai Chi on fall reduction among the elderly. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2008 Apr 15
13 Wang C. Tai chi improves pain and functional status in adults with rheumatoid arthritis: results of a pilot single-blinded randomized controlled trial. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:218-229.
14 Yeh GY, Wayne PM, Phillips RS. T'ai Chi exercise in patients with chronic heart failure. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:195-208.
15 Harmer PA, Li F. Tai chi and falls prevention in older people. Med Sport Sci. 2008;52:124-134.
16 Irwin MR, Olmstead R, Motivala SJ. Improving sleep quality in older adults with moderate sleep complaints: A randomized controlled trial of Tai Chi Chih. Sleep. 2008;31:1001-1008.
17 Lee MS, Choi TY, Ernst E. Tai chi for breast cancer patients: a systematic review. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2010 Apr;120(2):309.
18 Wang C, Schmid C, Rones R, et al. A randomized trial of Tai Chi for fibromyalgia. N Engl J Med . 2010;363(8):743.
19 Teerlink JR. Mind or body: evaluating mind-body therapy efficacy in heart failure trials. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(8):758-759.
20 Barrow DE, Bedford A, Ives G, O'Toole L, Channer KS. An evaluation of the effects of Tai Chi Chuan and Chi Kung training in patients with symptomatic heart failure: a randomised controlled pilot study. Postgrad Med J. 2007;83(985):717-721.
21 Li F, Harmer P, Fitzgerald K, et al. Tai chi and postural stability in patients with Parkinson's disease. N Engl J Med. 2012;366(6):511-519.
22 Hall AM, Maher CG, Lam P, Ferreira M, Latimer J. Tai chi exercise for treatment of pain and disability in people with persistent low back pain: a randomized controlled trial. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) . 2011;63(11):1576-1583.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 07/2012 -
- Update Date: 07/25/2012 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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