Signs and Symptoms of Cancer
- Thickening or lump in the breast or any other part of the body, including persistent swelling in the lymph nodes
- Conspicuous change in a wart or mole
- Sore that does not heal
- Nagging cough or hoarseness
- Persistent changes in bowel or bladder habits
- Persistent indigestion or difficulty swallowing
- Unexplained changes in weight (up or down), or change in girth
- Unusual bleeding or discharge
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Bast RC, Kufe DW, Pollock RE, et al. Eds. Cancer Medicine . 5th ed. Hamilton, ON: Decker Inc; 2000.
Cancer. Merck Manual of Medical Information website. Available at: http://www.merck.com/mrkshared/mmanual%5Fhome/contents.jsp . Accessed March 25, 2003.
Defining cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/what-is-cancer . Accessed August 1, 2008.
Detailed guide. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/ . Accessed August 1, 2008.
Finley RS, Balmer C. Concepts in Oncology Therapeutics . 2nd ed. Bethesda, MD: American Society of Health-System Pharmacists;1998.
Fox SI. Human Physiology . 4th ed. Dubuque, IA: William C. Brown Publishers;1993.
- Reviewer: Igor Puzanov, MD
- Review Date: 09/2012 -
- Update Date: 00/92/2012 -
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