Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci Infection
(VRE; Multiply-Resistant Enterococci)
- Female genital tract
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- Vancomycin-resistant enterococci growing in your body, usually in the intestines
- Contact with an infected person or being in contact with contaminated surfaces
- Previous treatment with vancomycin or another antibiotic for a long time
- Hospitalization, or being in a long-term care facility
- A weakened immune system from medication or illness
- Certain medical conditions, such as neutropenia or mucositis
- Treatment with corticosteroids, parenteral feeding, or chemotherapy
- Previous surgery, especially a transplant
- Use of a urinary catheter
- Any severe illness
- Urinary tract infection
- Intra-abdominal and pelvic infection
- Surgical wound infection
- Sepsis —an infection or its toxin spreading through the bloodstream
- Endocarditis —an infection of the inner surface of the heart muscles and valves
- Neonatal sepsis —a blood infection occurring in infants
- Meningitis —an infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord
hand-washing techniques. This is the best way to prevent VRE. Hand washing is especially important:
- After using the bathroom
- Before preparing food
- After being in contact with someone who has VRE
- Clean and disinfect areas of your home that may be contaminated with VRE. This included the bathroom and kitchen.
- Wear gloves if you are caring for someone with VRE. If you will have contact with bodily fluids, wear a gown over your clothing. Also, clean the person’s room and linens.
- If you are prescribed vancomycin, talk to your doctor. Taking this antibiotic is a risk factor for the bacteria to colonize in your body and for you to get VRE.
- If you have VRE, tell your doctor. Hospitals take special precautions when they know a patient is infected.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Institutes of Health http://www.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Huycke MM, Sahm DF, et al. Multiple-drug resistant enterococci: the nature of the problem and an agenda for the future. Emerg Infect Diseases. 1998;4(2):239-249.
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infection. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 10, 2014. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website. Available at: http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/antimicrobialResistance/Examples/vre/Pages/default.aspx. Updated March 8, 2012. Accessed June 19, 2014.
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) in healthcare settings. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/HAI/organisms/vre/vre.html. Updated May 10, 2011. Accessed June 19, 2014.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2015 -
- Update Date: 06/19/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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