Cancer InDepth: Esophageal Cancer
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Who Is Affected
Causes and Complications
Esophageal cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed.ebscohost.com. Updated June 2, 2013. Accessed August 2, 2013.
Esophageal cancer. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/esophageal. Accessed May 27, 2014.
Esophagus cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/cid/documents/webcontent/003098-pdf.pdf. Updated May 21, 2014. Accessed May 27, 2014.
What are the risk factors for cancer of the esophagus? American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/esophaguscancer/detailedguide/esophagus-cancer-risk-factors. Updated April 22, 2014. Accessed May 27, 2014.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 05/27/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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