Cancer InDepth: Thyroid Cancer
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- Papillary and follicular thyroid cancer —This type makes up 80%-90% of all thyroid cancers. These are slow-growing cancers of the follicular cells. When caught early and treated, they can be completely cured.
- Medullary thyroid cancer —This type makes up 5%-10% of all thyroid cancers. This type of cancer affects the thyroid’s C cells and can be treated successfully when caught early, before it has spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body. Medullary thyroid cancer may be hereditary.
- Anaplastic thyroid cancer —Making up 1%-2% of all thyroid cancer, this type affects the follicular cells, but its cells are highly unusual, fast growing, and very invasive.
- Hurthle cell cancer —Making up 3% of all thyroid cancer, this type affects thyroid’s follicular cells. Approximately 25% will spread to surrounding lymph nodes in the neck.
Causes and Complications
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What you need to know about cancer of the thyroid. National Cancer Institute website. Available at http://cancer.gov/ . Accessed December 10, 2002.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 09/2014 -
- Update Date: 09/17/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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