Hormonal Therapy for Cancer
- How does hormonal therapy work?
- What is hormonal therapy used for?
- What are the types of hormonal therapy?
- What adverse effects can occur with hormonal therapy?
- Which cancers is hormonal therapy used to treat?
- Estrogens and antiestrogens
- Androgens and antiandrogens
- Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues
- Aromatase inhibitors
- Tamoxifen—This is most frequently used in combination with other treatments for women with resected breast cancer, meaning that the initial lesion has been removed.
- Toremifene—This is used in the treatment of metastatic breast cancer.
- Raloxifene—This is currently used to treat osteoporosis. It is also used to help reduce the risk of breast cancer in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis..
- Progesterone acetate
- To provide the hormone your thyroid can no longer make, as a result of the surgery
- To suppress any thyroid cancer cells from growing back
Androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 13, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.
Chemoprevention of breast cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated August 7, 2014. Accessed May 28, 2015.
Endocrine therapy for breast cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated February 9, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.
Hormone therapy. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: http://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/treatment/types/hormone-therapy. Accessed April 29, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.
Hormone therapy for breast cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-treating-hormone-therapy. Updated February 26, 2015. Accessed May 28, 2015.
Modalities of cancer therapy. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology-and-oncology/principles-of-cancer-therapy/modalities-of-cancer-therapy. Updated July 2013. Accessed May 28, 2015.
- Reviewer: Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 03/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/28/2015 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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