- Forming bones and teeth
- Growing, maintaining, and repairing of cells and tissues
- Synthesizing and activating proteins, such as enzymes and hormones
- Maintaining acid-base balance
- Producing, regulating, and transferring energy in the body
- Converting carbohydrates, protein, and fat into energy
- Important cell membrane component
- Important in hemoglobin’s oxygen delivery function
Recommended Dietary Allowance
|0-6 months||No RDA; Adequate Intake (AI) = 100|
|7-12 months||No RDA; AI = 275|
|19 years and older||700|
|Pregnancy and lactation, 18 years and younger||1,250|
|Pregnancy and lactation, 19 years and older||700|
Tolerable Upper Intake Level (UL)
|0-12 months||This amount has not been established.|
|70 years and older||3,000|
|Pregnancy and lactation||3,500 and 4,000|
Major Food Sources
|Skim milk||8 ounces (227 grams)||247|
|Plain, nonfat yogurt||8 ounces (227 grams)||385|
|Part-skim mozzarella cheese||1 ounce (28 grams)||131|
|Beef||3 ounces (85 grams)||173|
|Chicken||3 ounces (85 grams)||155|
|Turkey||3 ounces (85 grams)||173|
|Fish (halibut)||3 ounces (85 grams)||242|
|Fish (salmon)||3 ounces (85 grams)||252|
|Almonds||1 ounce (28 grams)||134|
|Peanuts||1 ounce (28 grams)||107|
|Lentils||4 ounces (113 grams)||178|
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics http://www.eatright.org
United States Department of Agriculture Choose My Plate http://www.choosemyplate.gov
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Block GA, Port FK. Re-evaluation of risks associated with hyperphosphatemia and hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients: Recommendations for a change in management. Am J Kidney Dis. 2000;3596:1226-1237.
Cannata-Andia JB, Rodriguez-Garcia M. Hyperphosphataemia as a cardiovascular risk factor-how to manage the problem. Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2002; 11:16-19.
Phosphorus. Oregon State University, Linus Pauling Institute website. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/minerals/phosphorus. Updated August 2007. Accessed April 5, 2013.
Phosphorus. Vita Guide website. Available at: http://www.vitaguide.org/phosphorus.html. Accessed April 5, 2013.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 04/2013 -
- Update Date: 04/05/2013 -
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