The Role of Depression in Adolescent Obesity
Study Assesses Mood and Obesity in Adolescents
- Depression status—Determined using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale
- BMI—Calculated using self-reported measures for height and weight
- BMI percentiles—Determined using the 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts
Signs of Depression in Adolescents
- Frequent sadness, crying, feelings of hopelessness
- Decreased interest in activities
- Persistent boredom, low energy
- Social withdrawal
- Extreme sensitivity to rejection and failure
- Increased irritability and anger
- Frequent physical complaints such as headaches and stomachaches
- Poor performance in school
- Major changes in sleeping
- Loss of appetite or overeating
- Difficulty concentrating
- Abusing alcohol or drugs
- Suicidal thoughts or self-destructive behavior
- Running away from home
Depressed Adolescents Need Help
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry http://www.aacap.org
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics http://www.healthychildren.org
The College of Canadian Family Physicians http://www.cfpc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Benson LP, William RJ, Novick MB. Pediatric obesity and depression: a cross-sectional analysis of absolute BMI as it relates to children's depression index scores in obese 7- to 17-year-old children. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2013;52(1):24-29.
The Depressed Child. American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry website. Available at: http://www.aacap.org/AACAP/Families%5Fand%5FYouth/Facts%5Ffor%5FFamilies/Facts%5Ffor%5FFamilies%5FPages/The%5FDepressed%5FChild%5F04.aspx. Updated July 2013. Accessed March 25 2015.
Goodman E, Whitaker RC. A prospective study of the role of depression in the development and persistence of adolescent obesity. Pediatrics. 2002;110:497-504.
Kalarchia MA, Marcus MD. Psychiatric comorbidity of childhood obesity. Int Rev Psyciatry. 2012;24(3):241-246.
Obesity in children and adolescents. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated March 24, 2015. Accessed March 25, 2015.
Richardson LP, Garrison MM, Drangsholt M, et al. Associations between depressive symptoms and obesity during puberty. Gen Hosp Psych. 2006;28:313-320
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 03/2015 -
- Update Date: 03/25/2015 -
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