Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA)
|0-6 months||0.2 Adequate Intake (AI)||0.2 (AI)|
|7-12 months||0.3 (AI)||0.3 (AI)|
|19 and older||1.1||1.2|
|Pregnancy and Lactation||1.4||n/a|
Major Food Sources
|Lentils, cooked||½ cup||0.17|
|Green peas, cooked||½ cup||0.21|
|Pork, lean||3 oz||0.81|
|Fortified breakfast cereal, wheat, puffed||1 cup||0.31|
|Wheat germ breakfast cereal, toasted, plain||1 cup||1.88|
|White bread, enriched||1 slice||0.23|
|Whole-wheat bread||1 slice||0.10|
|Egg, cooked, hard-boiled||1 large||0.03|
|Brown rice, long grain, cooked||1 cup||0.19|
|White rice, enriched, cooked||1 cup||0.26|
|White rice, unenriched, cooked||1 cup||0.04|
- Weak muscles
- Muscle ache
- Numbness and tingling in arms and legs
- Nausea and vomiting
Congestive Heart Failure
Conditions That May Increase the Need for Thiamine
- Eating disorders
- HIV infection/AIDS
- Bariatric surgery
- Prolonged diuretic use
Tips for Increasing Your Thiamin Intake:
- Make a fruit salad with oranges, pineapple, orange juice, and cantelope.
- Top a spinach salad with peas, pecans, and eggs.
- Have a glass of milk with dinner.
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics http://www.eatright.org
US Department of Agriculture http://www.usda.gov
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
Healthy Canadians http://www.healthycanadians.gc.ca
Jordan J, Patel M, Jordan F, eds. Thiamine: Catalytic Mechanisms in Normal and Disease States. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker; 2003.
Nutrition Fact Sheet: Thiamin (vitamin B1). Northwestern University website. Available at: http://www.feinberg.northwestern.edu/nutrition/factsheets/vitamin-b1.html. Accessed August 20, 2013.
Thiamin. Alternative Med Rev. 2003;8:59-62. Available at: http://www.altmedrev.com/publications/8/1/59.pdf. Accessed August 20, 2013.
Korsakoff syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 16, 2012. Accessed August 19, 2013.
Thiamin. Linus Pauling Institute website. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/vitamins/thiamin/. Accessed August 19, 2013.
Thiamin—B1. The World's Healthiest Foods website. Available at: http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=nutrient&dbid=100. Accessed August 19, 2013.
Thiamine. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated January 18, 2013. Accessed August 19, 2013.
Thiamine deficiency. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 28, 2010. Accessed August 19, 2013.
Wernicke encephalopathy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 13, 2013. Accessed August 21, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/21/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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