Mental Health Practitioners: Who's Who?
Psychiatrist (MD or DO)
Psychologist (PhD or PsyD)
- Do psychological testing
- Assess and counsel people who have serious mental conditions (eg, schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, alcoholism, drug addiction, and eating disorders)
- Assess and counsel people who are experiencing life transitions (eg, divorce, relationship problems, and academic problems)
Mental Health Counselor (MA, MS, CCMHC) and Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC)
Clinical Social Worker (CSW, MSW, LSW, LCSW)
Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselor or Addiction Counselor (CSAC, CAC)
Pastoral Counselors (MA, MS, Mdiv, DMin)
Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT)
American Psychological Association http://www.apa.org/
Mental Health America http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/
Canadian Mental Health Association http://www.ontario.cmha.ca/
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org/
Alcohol and drug abuse counseling certificate. UC San Diego Extension website. Available at: http://extension.ucsd.edu/programs/index.cfm?vAction=certDetail&vCertificateID=4&vStudyAreaID=12. Accessed July 9, 2012.
Frequently asked questions about pastoral counselors. The Pastoral Counseling Center website. Available at: http://www.pccmidvalley.org/pastoral-counseling-faq.html. Accessed July 9, 2012.
Mental health professionals: who they are and how to find one. National Alliance on Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nami.org/Content/ContentGroups/Helpline1/Mental%5FHealth%5FProfessionals%5FWho%5FThey%5FAre%5Fand%5FHow%5Fto%5FFind%5FOne.htm. Accessed July 9, 2012.
Types of mental health professionals. Mental Health America website. Available at: http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/go/help/finding-help/find-treatment/types-of-mental-health-professionals/types-of-mental-health-professionals. Accessed July 9, 2012.
What is a marriage counselor? California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists website. Available at: http://www.camft.org/scriptcontent/whatismft/whatismft.html. Accessed July 9, 2012.
What is a psychiatrist? American Psychiatric Association website. Available at: http://www.healthyminds.org/Main-Topic/What-is-a-Psychiatrist.aspx. Accessed July 9, 2012.
- Reviewer: Brian P. Randall, MD
- Review Date: 07/2012 -
- Update Date: 07/09/2012 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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