Mental Health Practitioners: Who's Who?
Psychiatrist (MD or DO)
Psychologist (PhD or PsyD)
- Do psychological testing
- Assess and counsel people who have serious mental conditions, such as schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, alcoholism, drug addiction, and eating disorders
- Assess and counsel people who are experiencing life transitions, such as divorce, relationship problems, and academic problems
Mental Health Counselor (MA, MS, CCMHC) and Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC)
Clinical Social Worker (CSW, MSW, LSW, LCSW)
Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselor or Addiction Counselor (CSAC, CAC)
Pastoral Counselors (MA, MS, Mdiv, DMin)
Marriage and Family Therapist (MFT)
American Psychological Association http://www.apa.org
Mental Health America http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net
Canadian Mental Health Association http://www.ontario.cmha.ca
Canadian Psychiatric Association http://www.cpa-apc.org
Alcohol and drug abuse counseling certificate. UC San Diego Extension website. Available at: http://extension.ucsd.edu/programs/index.cfm?vAction=certDetail&vCertificateID=4&vStudyAreaID=12. Accessed May 9, 2014.
Frequently asked questions about pastoral counselors. The Pastoral Counseling Center website. Available at: http://www.pccmidvalley.org/pastoral-counseling-faq.html. Accessed May 9, 2014.
Mental health professionals: who they are and how to find one. National Alliance on Mental Health website. Available at: http://www.nami.org/Content/ContentGroups/Helpline1/Mental%5FHealth%5FProfessionals%5FWho%5FThey%5FAre%5Fand%5FHow%5Fto%5FFind%5FOne.htm. Updated May 2013. Accessed May 9, 2014.
Types of mental health professionals. Mental Health America website. Available at: http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/types-mental-health-professionals. Accessed May 9, 2014.
What is a marriage counselor? California Association of Marriage and Family Therapists website. Available at: http://www.camft.org/scriptcontent/whatismft/whatismft.html. Accessed May 9, 2014.
What is a psychiatrist? American Psychiatric Association website. Available at: http://www.psychiatry.org/mental-health/more-topics/what-is-a-psychiatrist. Accessed May 9, 2014
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 05/2014 -
- Update Date: 00/50/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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