- Touching infected cat feces or something that has had contact with cat feces, such as soil or insects
- Eating undercooked, infected meat, or by touching your mouth after touching the meat
- In rare cases, receiving a blood transfusion or an organ transplant
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Sore throat
- Muscle aches and pains
- Visual defects
- Problems with speech, movement, or thinking
- Mental illness
- Shortness of breath
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- Visual defects due to eye infections (chorioretinitis)
- Enlarged liver and spleen
- Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes)
- Myocarditis (inflammation of the heart)
- Brain malformations
- Intellectual disability
- Cerebral palsy
- Visual defects
- Hearing loss
- Learning disabilities
- Folinic acid
- Do not eat raw or undercooked meat. If you touch raw meat, do not touch your eyes, mouth, or nose. Wash your hands, cutting boards, knives, and sink with soap and warm water.
- Wash all raw vegetables and fruits.
- Do not empty a cat’s litter box. Have someone else do it.
- Avoid children’s sandboxes. Cats may use them for a litter box.
- Do not feed your cat raw or undercooked meat.
- Keep your cat inside to prevent it from hunting rodents or birds that could be infected.
- Wear gloves when gardening. Keep your hands away from your eyes, mouth, and nose. Wash your hands when done.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Women's Health Matters http://www.womenshealthmatters.ca
Parasites—toxoplasmosis (toxoplasma infection). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/parasites/toxoplasmosis. Updated February 1, 2012. Accessed January 13, 2013.
Perinatal viral and parasitic infections. ACOG Practice Bulletin. 2000. No. 20. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: http://www.acog.org.
Toxoplasmosis. Nemours KidsHealth.org website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/parasitic/toxoplasmosis.html. Updated September 2011. Accessed January 7, 2013.
- Reviewer: Kari Kassir, MD
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/14/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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