- Underlying cause
- Pattern of movement
- Origin within the body
- Spinal cord
- Nerves in the body
|The Nervous System Pathways|
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- A lack of oxygen or nutrients
- Certain medications or toxins
Nervous system disorders, such as:
- Head or spinal cord trauma or injury
- Tumors of the brain or spinal cord
- Multiple sclerosis
- Parkinson's disease
- Alzheimer's disease
- Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and other prion diseases
- Huntington's disease
- Paraneoplastic syndromes—disorders that happen in people with certain types of cancer
- Metabolic disorders, such as:
- The localization of the myoclonus in the nervous system
- If an underlying condition is responsible for the symptoms
- Dietary supplements
- Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
- Take care to prevent brain injury . For example, wear a helmet when riding a bicycle or motorcycle.
- If twitching begins after starting a new medication, tell your doctor. Your doctor may be able to lower the dose or prescribe a different medication.
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke http://www.ninds.nih.gov
WE MOVE http://www.wemove.org
Canadian Association of Neuroscience Nurses http://cann.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Dalmau J, Rosenfeld MR. Paraneoplastic syndromes of the CNS. Lancet Neurology. 2008;7:327-340.
Myoclonus and its disorders. Neurologic Clinics. August 2001.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 06/2015 -
- Update Date: 05/11/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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