- Missing peristaltic (muscular) activity
- Failure of the LES to open completely
- Discomfort or pain in the chest , especially after meals
- Coughing, especially when lying down
- Weight loss (as the disorder progresses)
- Vomiting or regurgitating food or liquids. This may occur during sleep. This can cause a person to inhale food particles or liquid, which can lead to aspiration pneumonia and other respiratory infections.
|Heartburn / Reflux Disease|
|Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.|
- Manometry—A tube is inserted down the throat to test the pressure in the esophagus and the stomach when swallowing.
- Esophagram—X-rays are taken of the esophagus while you swallow barium (a thick liquid that lights up on x-rays).
- Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (esophagoscopy)—The esophagus is viewed directly through a fiberoptic tube to look for other causes of the symptoms.
American Academy of Family Physicians http://www.familydoctor.org
American College of Gastroenterology http://www.acg.gi.org/
American Gastroenterological Association http://www.gastro.org/
The Canadian Association of Gastroenterology http://www.cag-acg.org/
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index-eng.php/
Achalasia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what.php . Updated August 7, 2012. Accessed October 26, 2012.
Achalasia and esophageal motility disorders. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.sts.org/patient-information/esophageal-surgery/achalasia-and-esophageal-motility-disorders. Accessed October 26, 2012.
Vaezi MF, Richter JE. Diagnosis and management of achalasia. Am J Gastro. 1999;94:3406-3412.
- Reviewer: Daus Mahnke, MD
- Review Date: 10/2012 -
- Update Date: 10/26/2012 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
Copyright © EBSCO Publishing
All rights reserved.