Degenerative Disc Disease
(Degenerative Disk Disease)
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- Increased age
- Family history of degenerative disc disease
- Back injury
- Heavy physical work
- Pain in the low back, buttocks, thighs, or neck
- Pain that worsens when sitting, bending, lifting, or twisting
- Pain that feels better when walking, changing positions, or lying down
- Periods of severe pain that gets better after a few days or months
- Numbness and tingling into the legs
- Weakness in the legs
- Inability to raise the foot at the ankle
- MRI scan
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Posture training
- Ice packs
- Electrical stimulation
- Other forms of physical therapy
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthoinfo.aaos.org
North American Spine Society http://www.spine.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Association http://www.coa-aco.org
Canadian Orthopaedic Foundation http://www.canorth.org
Bogduk N, Anat D. Degenerative joint disease of the spine. Radiol Clin North Am. 2012;15(4):613-28.
Paassilta P, Lohiniva J, Göring HH, et al. Identification of a novel common genetic risk factor for lumbar disk disease. JAMA. 2001;285:1843-1849.
Urban J, Roberts S. Degeneration of the intervertebral disc. Arthritis Res. Ther. 2003;5(3):120-130.
- Reviewer: Rimas Lukas, MD; Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 11/2013 -
- Update Date: 03/04/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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