(Tympanic Membrane Perforation; Perforated Eardrum)
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- Ear infections
- Puncture from use of a Q-tip or other device inserted in the ear canal
- Damage to the ear, such as being slapped or hit
- Pressure building up inside the middle ear, as may occur with scuba diving
- Having an ear infection
- History of eardrum ruptures, or ear surgery, such as ear tubes
- Scuba diving
- Injury to the ear
- Inserting objects in the ear
- Earache, severe and increasing in its severity
- Earache, severe, then subsides, then is followed by discharge from the ear
- Drainage from the ear—may have blood or pus
- Hearing loss or difficulty hearing out of the affected ear
- Buzzing or other noise in the ear
- Oral antibiotics or antibiotic eardrops if an infection is present or possible
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) to reduce pain and inflammation
- Do not stick Q-tips and other objects inside the ear
- Treat ear infections promptly and thoroughly
- Avoid scuba diving when you have cold or allergy symptoms
American Academy of Family Physicians http://familydoctor.org
American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery http://www.entnet.org
Canadian Academy of Audiology http://www.canadianaudiology.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Perforated eardrum. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery website. Available at: http://www.entnet.org/HealthInformation/perforatedEardrum.cfm . Updated March 20, 2013. Accessed August 29, 2013.
Tympanic membrane perforation. Baylor College of Medicine website. Available at: http://www.bcm.edu/oto/index.cfm?pmid=15422 . Accessed August 29, 2013.
Tympanic membrane perforation. Columbia University Medical Center website. Available at: http://www.entcolumbia.org/tympperf.html . Accessed August 29, 2013.
- Reviewer: Michael Woods, MD
- Review Date: 09/2013 -
- Update Date: 09/30/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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