St. Louis Encephalitis
|The Central Nervous System|
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- Increased age
- Living in or visiting the southern, central, or western United States, especially during the summer and fall
- Stay inside between dusk and dark. This is when mosquitoes are most active.
- Wear long pants and long-sleeved shirts when outside.
- Spray exposed skin with an insect repellent that contains up to 35% diethyltoluamide (DEET).
- Use proper mosquito netting at night. Look for netting treated with insecticide.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases http://www.niaid.nih.gov
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Reimann CA, Hayes EB, et al. Epidemiology of neuroinvasive arboviral disease in the United States, 1999-2007. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2008;79(6):974-979.
St. Louis encephalitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated July 16, 2012. Accessed January 4, 2013.
Saint Louis encephalitis fact sheet. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/sle. Updated June 11, 2007. Accessed January 4, 2013.
10/7/2013 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Reimer LJ, Thomsen EK, Tisch DJ, et al. Insecticidal bed nets and filariasis transmission in Papua New Guinea. N Eng J Med. 2013;369(8):745-753.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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