(Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome)
|Virus Attacking a Cell|
|In a viral infection, the virus uses your cells to grow and reproduce, making you ill in the process.|
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- Living near a forest
- Seeing rodents in your home
- Having rodents present in a work environment
- Wear rubber, latex, vinyl, or nitrile gloves.
- Do not vacuum or sweep the area, since this may cause the virus to get into the air.
- Wet contaminated areas with a bleach solution (such as 1-½ cups bleach in 1 gallon water) or household disinfectant.
- When everything is wet, remove contaminated materials with a damp towel before mopping or sponging the area with the bleach solution or disinfectant.
- Spray dead rodents with disinfectant and double-bag them with all cleaning materials.
- Properly dispose of dead rodents. Contact your health department for disposal methods.
- Disinfect gloves with disinfectant or soap and water before taking them off. Then, thoroughly wash hands with soap and water or a waterless alcohol-based rub (such as hand sanitizer) if soap is not available.
American Lung Association http://www.lung.org
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety http://www.ccohs.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Cline BJ, Carver S, et al. Relationship of human behavior within outbuildings to potential exposure to Sin Nombre virus in Western Montana. Ecohealth. 2010;7(3):389-393.
Dizney L, Jones PD, et al. Natural history of Sin Nombre virus infection in deer mice in urban parks in Oregon. J Wildl Dis. 2010;46(2):433-441.
Hantavirus. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/hantavirus/hps. Updated November 1, 2012. Accessed January 4, 2013.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated September 14, 2012. Accessed January 4, 2013.
Mills JN, Amman BR, et al. Ecology of hantaviruses and their hosts in North America. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2010;10(6):563-574.
Simpson SQ, Spikes L, et al. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2010;24(1):159-173.
- Reviewer: David L. Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2014 -
- Update Date: 12/20/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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