(Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome)
|Virus Attacking a Cell|
|In a viral infection, the virus uses your cells to grow and reproduce, making you ill in the process.|
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- Living near a forest
- Seeing rodents in your home
- Having rodents present in a work environment
- Deep muscle aches
- Severe shortness of breath
- Wear rubber, latex, vinyl, or nitrile gloves.
- Do not vacuum or sweep the area, since this may cause the virus to get into the air.
- Wet contaminated areas with a bleach solution (such as 1-½ cups bleach in 1 gallon water) or household disinfectant.
- When everything is wet, remove contaminated materials with a damp towel before mopping or sponging the area with the bleach solution or disinfectant.
- Spray dead rodents with disinfectant and double-bag them with all cleaning materials.
- Properly dispose of dead rodents. Contact your health department for disposal methods.
- Disinfect gloves with disinfectant or soap and water before taking them off. Then, thoroughly wash hands with soap and water or a waterless alcohol-based rub (such as hand sanitizer) if soap is not available.
American Lung Association http://www.lungusa.org
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov
Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety http://www.ccohs.ca
Public Health Agency of Canada http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca
Cline BJ, Carver S, et al. Relationship of human behavior within outbuildings to potential exposure to Sin Nombre virus in Western Montana. Ecohealth. 2010 May 28.
Dizney L, Jones PD, et al. Natural history of Sin Nombre virus infection in deer mice in urban parks in Oregon. J Wildl Dis. 2010 Apr;46(2):433-441.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated September 14, 2012. Accessed January 4, 2013.
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome: what you need to know. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/diseases/hanta/hps/noframes/FAQ.htm. Updated November 1, 2012. Accessed January 4, 2013.
Mills JN, Amman BR, et al. Ecology of hantaviruses and their hosts in North America. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis. 2010 Aug;10(6):563-574.
Simpson SQ, Spikes L, et al. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Infect Dis Clin North Am. 2010 Mar;24(1):159-173.
- Reviewer: David L Horn, MD, FACP
- Review Date: 12/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/13/2014 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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