- Supporting normal growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence
- Playing a role in tissue repair
- Helping the body use carbohydrate, protein, and fat
- Helping to maintain proper immune function, including promoting wound healing
- Maintaining a sense of taste and smell
Recommended Dietary Allowance
|4- 8 years||5||5|
|Pregnancy: < 18 years||n/a||12|
|Pregnancy: 19-50 years||n/a||11|
|Lactation: < 18 years||n/a||13|
|Lactation: 31-50 years||n/a||12|
- Poor growth
- Hair loss
- Delayed sexual maturation
- Eye lesions
- Loss of appetite
- Reduced sense of taste and smell
- Reduced resistance to infections
- Poor wound healing
- Mental lethargy
- Pregnant or lactating women
- People with sickle cell disease
- Alcoholics or others with chronic liver disease
- People with malnutrition from a variety of causes, including cancer and digestive diseases, that cause malabsorption and/or diarrhea, for example:
- Loss of appetite
- Suppressed immune function
- Impaired formation of red blood cells
- Reduced levels of HDL ("good") cholesterol
Major Food Sources
|Beef , chuck or roast, cooked||3 ounces||8.7|
|Crab, Alaska king, cooked||3 ounces||6.5|
|Pork shoulder, cooked||3 ounces||4.2|
|Breakfast cereal fortified with 25% of the Daily Value of zinc||¾ cup||3.8|
|Chicken, broiler or fryer, cooked||3 ounces||2.4|
|Baked beans, canned||½ cup||1.7|
|Yogurt, fruit, low-fat||1 cup||1.6|
The Common Cold
Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs) for Zinc
|4- 8 years||12||12|
Absorption of Calcium, Iron, and Copper
Pregnancy Nutrition Support and Prevention of Preterm Birth
American Dietetic Association http://www.eatright.org
National Institutes of Health http://www.nih.gov
Dietitians of Canada http://www.dietitians.ca
Health Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/index%5Fe.html
Caruso TJ, Prober CG, Gwaltney JM Jr. Treatment of naturally acquired common colds with zinc: a structured review. Clin Infect Dis. 2007;45:569-574.
Copper deficiency. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated November 15, 2012. Accessed January 25, 2013.
Nutrition in pregnancy. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated January 23, 2013. Accessed January 25, 2013.
Zinc. EBSCO Natural and Alternative Treatments website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/healthLibrary. Updated September 10, 2012. Accessed January 25, 2013.
Zinc. National Institutes of Health Office of Dietary Supplements website. Available at: http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Zinc-QuickFacts/. Updated September 20, 2011. Accessed January 25, 2013.
Zinc content of selected foods per common measure. USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference. Available at: http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/Data/SR20/nutrlist/sr20w309.pdf. Accessed January 25, 2013.
2/4/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Lassi Z, Haider B, Bhutta Z. Zinc supplementation for the prevention of pneumonia in children aged 2 months to 59 months. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(12):CD005978.
2/25/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Sing M, Das R. Zinc for the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(2):CD001364.
10/25/2012 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance: Mori R, Ota E, Middleton P, Tobe-Gai R, Mahomed K, Bhutta ZA. Zinc supplementation for improving pregnancy and infant outcome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev.2012 Jul 11;7:CD000230.
- Reviewer: Brian Randall, MD
- Review Date: 01/2013 -
- Update Date: 01/25/2013 -
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
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