What Is Noni Used for Today?
1 Elkins R. Hawaiian noni (Morinda citrifolia) . Pleasant Grove, UT: Woodland Publishing; 1997.
2 Hirazumi A, Furusawa E, Chou SC, et al. Anticancer activity of Morinda citrifolia (noni) on intraperitoneally implanted Lewis lung carcinoma in syngeneic mice. Proc West Pharmacol Soc . 1994;37:145-146.
3 Hirazumi A, Furusawa E, Chou SC, et al. Immunomodulation contributes to the anticancer activity of Morinda citrifolia (noni) fruit juice. Proc West Pharmacol Soc . 1996;39:7-9.
4 Hirazumi A, Furusawa E. An immunomodulatory polysaccharide-rich substance from the fruit juice of Morinda citrifolia (noni) with antitumour activity. Phytother Res . 1999;13:380-387.
5 Hiramatsu T, Imoto M, Koyano T, et al. Induction of normal phenotypes in ras-transformed cells by damnacanthal from Morinda citrifolia . Cancer Lett . 1993;73:161-166.
6 Younos C, Rolland A, Fleurentin J, et al. Analgesic and behavioural effects of Morinda citrifolia . Planta Med . 1990;56:430-434.
7 Heinicke RM: The pharmacologically active ingredient of noni [HyperMedia Technologies Web site]. Available at: http://www.hmt.com/noni/activel .
8 Millonig G, Stadlmann S, Vogel W. Herbal hepatotoxicity: acute hepatitis caused by a Noni preparation (Morinda citrifolia). Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol . 2005;17(4):445-447.
9 Stadlbauer V, Fickert P, Lackner C et al. Hepatotoxicity of NONI juice: report of two cases. World J Gastroenterol . 2005;11:4758-4760.
10 Opinion of the Scientific Panel NDA related to the safety of noni juice (juice of the fruits of Morinda citrifolia). http://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/science/nda/nda%5Fopinions/nda%5Fop%5Fej376%5Fnoni.html . Accessed September 9, 2006.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -
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