Other Proposed Natural Treatments
- Coenzyme Q 10 (CoQ 10 )
- Cranberry Juice
- Essential Oil Mouthwash
- E. linza (Green Algae) Extract Mouthwash
- Folate Mouthwash
- Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA)
- Green Tea Chew Candy
- Herbal Mouthwash Containing Chamomile , Echinacea , Hops , Myrrh, Mint , Sage , and Ratania
- Honey Leather
- Macleaya cordata (Plume Poppy) and Prunella vulgaris
- Oligomeric Proanthocyanidins (OPCs)
- Sea Cucumber
- Tea Tree Oil
- Vitamin B 12
- Vitamin C
- Witch Hazel
Proposed Natural Treatments for Periodontal Disease
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2 Thomson ME, Pack AR. Effects of extended systemic and topical folate supplementation on gingivitis of pregnancy. J Clin Periodontol . 1982;9:275-280.
3 Pack AR, Thomson ME. Effects of topical and systemic folic acid supplementation on gingivitis in pregnancy. J Clin Periodontol . 1980;7:402-414.
4 Vogel RI, Fink RA, Frank O, et al. The effect of topical application of folic acid on gingival health. J Oral Med . 1978;33:20-22.
5 Weiss EI, Lev-Dor R, Kashamn Y, et al. Inhibiting interspecies coaggregation of plaque bacteria with a cranberry juice constituent. JADA. 1998;129:1719-1723.
6 Watts TL. Coenzyme Q 10 and periodontal treatment: is there any beneficial effect? Br Dent J. 1995;178:209-213.
7 Krahwinkel T, Willershausen B. The effect of sugar-free green tea chew candies on the degree of inflammation of the gingiva. Eur J Med Res. 2000;5:463-467.
8 Makinen KK, Pemberton D, Makinen P-L, et al. Polyol-combinant saliva stimulants and oral health in Veterans Affairs patients—an exploratory study. Spec Care Dent. 1996;16:104-115.
9 Kimbrough C, Chun M, dela Roca G, et al. PYCNOGENOL chewing gum minimizes gingival bleeding and plaque formation. Phytomedicine. 2002;9:410-413.
10 Kopczyk RA, Abrams H, Brown AT, et al. Clinical and microbiological effects of a sanguinaria-containing mouthrinse and dentifrice with and without fluoride during 6 months of use. J Periodontol . 1991;62:617-22.
11 Kuftinec MM, Mueller-Joseph LJ, Kopczyk RA. Sanguinaria toothpaste and oral rinse regimen clinical efficacy in short- and long-term trials. J Can Dent Assoc . 1990;56(suppl 7):31-33.
12 Pistorius A, Willershausen B, Steinmeier EM, et al. Efficacy of subgingival irrigation using herbal extracts on gingival inflammation. J Periodontol . 2003;74:616-22.
13 Rosenstein ED, Kushner LJ, Kramer N, et al. Pilot study of dietary fatty acid supplementation in the treatment of adult periodontitis. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids . 2003;68:213-218.
14 Adamkova H, Vicar J, Palasova J, et al. Macleya cordata and Prunella vulgaris in oral hygiene products—their efficacy in the control of gingivitis. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub . 2004;148:103-105.
15 Gebaraa EC, Pustiglioni AN, de Lima LA, et al. Propolis extract as an adjuvant to periodontal treatment. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2005;1:29-35.
16 Taiyeb-Ali TB, Zainuddin SL, Swaminathan D, Yaacob H. Efficacy of 'Gamadent' toothpaste on the healing of gingival tissues: a preliminary report. J Oral Sci. 2003;45:153-159.
17 Soukoulis S, Hirsch R. The effects of a tea tree oil-containing gel on plaque and chronic gingivitis. Aust Dent J . 2004;49:78-83.
18 Neiva RF, Al-Shammari K, Nociti FH, et al. Effects of vitamin-B complex supplementation on periodontal wound healing. J Periodontol . 2005;76:1084-1091.
19 English HK, Pack AR, Molan PC. The effects of manuka honey on plaque and gingivitis: a pilot study. J Int Acad Periodontol. 2004;6:63-67
20 Rassameemasmaung S, Sirikulsathean A, Amornchat C, et al. Effects of herbal mouthwash containing the pericarp extract of Garcinia mangostana L. on halitosis, plaque, and papillary bleeding index. J Int Acad Periodontol . 2007;9:19-25.
21 Shinada K, Tagashira M, Watanabe H, et al. Hop bract polyphenols reduced three-day dental plaque regrowth. J Dent Res. 2007;86:848-851.
22 Chandra RV, Prabhuji ML, Roopa DA, et al. Efficacy of lycopene in the treatment of gingivitis: a randomised, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Oral Health Prev Dent. 2007;5:327-336.
23 Patel RM, Malaki Z. The effect of a mouthrinse containing essential oils on dental plaque and gingivitis. Evid Based Dent. 2008;9:18-19.
24 Nagata H, Inagaki Y, Tanaka M, et al. Effect of eucalyptus extract chewing gum on periodontal health: a double-masked, randomized trial. J Periodontol. 2008;79:1378-1385.
25 Cho HB, Lee HH, Lee OH, Choi HS, Choi JS, Lee BY. Clinical and microbial evaluation of the effects on gingivitis of a mouth rinse containing an Enteromorpha linza extract. J Med Food. 2011;14(12):1670-1676.
- Reviewer: EBSCO CAM Review Board
- Review Date: 08/2013 -
- Update Date: 08/22/2013 -
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